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    Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield. Characters By Lord Chesterfield Contrasted With Characters Of The Same Great Personages by other respectable Writers. Also Letters To Alderman George Faulkner, Dr. Madden, Mr. Sexton, Mr. Derrick, and the Earl of Arran. Intended As An Appendix To His Lordship's Miscellaneous Works. London: Edward and Charles Dilly, 1778. Krown & Spellman retail: $350. Folio. ¹2, *B-*I4,*K1,B-D4,E2 [4],65,[1],28p. 19th c. calf, gilt rule on cover, spine gilt in compartments, title label, front cover detached, top of spine defective 1", edges red; marbled endpapers, bookplate of J.R. Hutchinson. Extra illustrated with 20 portraits (18th & 19th c). From the Krown & Spellman Collection.

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    "Chesterfield embodied in rare completeness the characteristics of a shrewd man of the world of one who had 'been behind the scenes both of pleasure and business.' He avowed no rule of conduct outside the urbane conventions of polite society. The town alone had charm for him; the country and country pursuits were graceless superfluities. He argued that the real business of life was the subordination of natural instincts to those external refinements of manner which were recognised as good breeding in the capitals of civilised Europe, and especially in the Parisian salons. But the practice of his philosophy did not demand the repression of all individual tastes, as his confessed dislike of music, the opera, and fashionable field-sports abundantly proves. Chesterfield's worldliness was in point of fact tempered by native common-sense, by genuine parental affections, and by keen appreciation of, and capacity for, literature. Even in his unedifying treatment of the relations of the sexes his solemn warnings against acts which forfeit self-respect or provoke scandal destroyed most of the deleterious effect of the cynical principles on which he took his stand. Nowhere did Chesterfield inculcate an inconsiderate gratification of selfish desires. Very sternly did he rebuke pride of birth or insolence in the treatment of servants and dependents. His habitual text was the necessity from prudential motives of self-control and of respect for the feeling of others. As a writer he reached the highest levels of grace and perspicuity, and as a connoisseur of literature he was nearly always admirable."[DNB}

    This is the issue with K* p65 added. Gulick 157A. ESTC t161338. Lowndes 435. Greenough,Theophratan,225. CBEL II,835.       

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