DescriptionD. H. Lawrence. The White Peacock. A Novel. New York: Duffield & Company, 1911. First edition of the author's first published book, preceding the London edition by one day-rare first issue, with the 1910 copyright notice on the verso of the title-page, quickly corrected to 1911, "thought to exist in only a handful of copies" (Sotheby's, 19 July 1994, Lot 200, describing the Bradley Martin copy). Octavo (7.25 x 5 inches: 185 x 128 mm.). [2, blank], [2, half-title (verso blank)], [2, title], [2, contents (verso blank)], 496 pages. Printer's imprint on verso of title-page: "The Trow Press, New York." Original light blue cloth lettered in white and pictorially stamped in dark blue and white with a spread peacock on the front cover, all within a dark blue single-rule border; spine ruled and lettered in white. All edges trimmed. Covers faded to blue green near the edges; spine slightly faded; cloth just beginning to fray at spine extremities and corners; half-inch blue ink mark at head of spine; two areas of slight discoloration on rear cover; top edge of front cover lightly bumped near joint; both lower corners and upper corner of front cover lightly bumped, with a bit of board exposed; lower board edges rubbed; a few tiny dark dots on top edge. Front hinge starting, with two tiny holes near the stitching; rear hinge cracked (and possibly repaired?); a few scuff marks on lower edge of text block, resulting in tiny edge dings to a few leaves. Occasional faint marginal soiling or smudging; diagonal crease in the upper margin of pages 407/408 and 409/410, entering the text on page 410; becoming over-opened between pages 110 and 111; a few scattered pencil marks. Still, overall, a near fine copy, housed in a royal blue cloth chemise and royal blue morocco book-back slipcase by "R. Patron Hollywood Ca." Roberts and Poplawski A1a, variant 1 (with "Copyright, 1910" on verso of title).
From the libraries of Herbert Boyce Satcher (1899-1966) and John K. Martin (b. 1930), with the small book label of Herbert Boyce Satcher and a penciled note in his hand on the front pastedown ("This is the authentic / 1st Ed. of this book / preceding by one day / the publication of the English edition"); additional small book label, "From the Library of John K. Martin," on the rear pastedown.
"Lawrence began writing his first published novel in the spring of 1906...the final version was completed in April 1910. Although the book was not published until January 1911, the month following his mother's death, Lawrence obtained an advance copy of the Heinemann edition which he put into her hands before she died...The Duffield White Peacock is given priority over the Heinemann edition for several reasons. Edward McDonald in his Bibliography (B16) appears to be correct in stating that although the book was intended to appear simultaneously on both sides of the Atlantic, Duffield actually published one day earlier than the English firm. Of greater importance is the fact that Heinemann imported the Duffield plates for the English edition, and after some of the copies were bound, Heinemann asked Lawrence to rewrite a paragraph on page 230 which they felt might be considered objectionable. Lawrence complied with this request and as a consequence the English edition contains cancel leaves while the American text remains unaltered. Another change was effected in the Heinemann text on page 227, where the phrase 'the miserable brute has dirtied that angel' was substituted for 'the dirty devil's run her muck over that angel.' The original text for page 230, as given in the American edition, reads in part:
'God!¬we were a passionate couple-and she would have me in her bedroom while she drew Greek statues of me-her Croton, her Hercules! I never saw her drawings. She had her own way too much-I let her do as she liked with me.
'Then gradually she got tired-it took her three years to have a real bellyful of me.'
For Heinemann, Lawrence rewrote the passage as follows:
'Lord!-we were an infatuated couple-and she would choose to view me in an aesthetic light. I was Greek statues for her, bless you: Croton, Hercules, I don't know what! She had her own way to much-I let her do as she liked with me.
'Then gradually she got tired-it took her three years to be really glutted with me'" (Roberts and Poplawski, pages 6-7).
"The American edition was published on 19 January 1911, the English edition one day later. Duffield completely reset the book from the 'marked set' of revised galley proofs, and the American edition appears to have been printed directly from the type. Comparison of the two editions shows the Duffield type to be crisper in impression than the English edition; slight imperfections in the Duffield edition are more marked in the Heinemann text...It is reasonable to infer that stereotype moulds were taken from the type after printing, and sent to England for Heinemann to use. The slight defects in the American printing are consequently accentuated in the English. The American and English editions are, it follows, textually identical save in places where either publisher reset pages independently. Eight pages of text are so affected, though on only four is there any textual variation. The preliminary pages naturally differ, being set independently. Because of the delay in publication, Heinemann's title-page, which must have borne the original date 1910, had to be cancelled: all known copies have 1911; the copyright information on the verso was also changed to include the American copyright. As a result of the alteration of the title-page and bowdlerised passage (pp. 227-30), more than six variant states of the first English edition of 1,500 copies have been reported" (D. H. Lawrence, The White Peacock, The Cambridge Edition of the Works of D. H. Lawrence, edited by Andrew Robertson, pages xxxv-xxxvi of the Introduction).
Herbert Boyce Satcher, vicar of St. Aidan's Parish, Cheltenham, Pennsylvania (1924-1958) and an authority on church music. In 1937, compiled A Bibliography of Church Music and Allied Subjects for the Commission on Music of the Diocese of Pennsylvania ([Philadelphia]: 1937). Satcher built a large collection of books on both sacred and secular subjects, including an extensive collection of gay literature. For additional information about Herbert Boyce Satcher and his collections, see LibraryThing at https://www.librarything.com/topic/184147.
John K. Martin began collecting modern first editions when he was nineteen, focusing on the works of D. H. Lawrence, William Faulkner, Ezra Pound, and Henry Miller. Later in his life, Martin focused on the works on avant-garde poets. Using the proceeds from the sale of his collection of first and signed editions to the University of California at Santa Barbara in 1966, Martin founded the Black Sparrow Press. He is noted for his role in launching the career of Charles Bukowski (1920-1994). When Martin retired in 2002, he sold the Black Sparrow Press to David R. Godine. For additional information, see the "Guide to the John K. Martin Collection, ca. 1952-1966" at the University of California, Santa Barbara (at http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/tf8x0nb6wh/admin/).
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