Description

    José Antonio Fernandez [Samuel Bangs, printer]. Mexican circular announcing the government's intention to recruit one thousand men under the command of General Francisco Vital Fernandez to reinforce the army marching against Texas. Ciudad Victoria, Mexico: December 8, 1835. Folio sheet (8" x 12"), printed on one side only, with letterhead of the "Gobierno del Departamento de Tamaulipas." Not in Spell's or Jenkins' bibliographies of Bangs' imprints, but as Bangs was the official printer for the state of Tamaulipas at this time and living in Ciudad Victoria, one might well conclude that this is an unascribed Bangs printing. The paraphs of both the Governor of the state of Tamaulipas, José Antonio Fernandez, and his secretary are present, as is a contemporary inked notation that indicates it was the copy sent to the ayuntamiento de Hidalgo, a town relatively close to Ciudad Victoria, the capital of the state. Broadside creased where formerly folded, two small holes in upper left margin; lower right corner lightly waterstained and toned. Overall, very good.

    This broadside relates to the raising of an army to come to Santa Anna's aide in defeating the Texas colonists/separatists. Coming to power in 1833, Santa Anna had assumed dictatorial powers, abrogating important provisions of the national constitution of 1824, taking away much of the autonomy of the states of Mexico, as well as abolishing slavery throughout the country. This last was intolerable for the American settlers coming from the southern slave-holding states of the U.S. Under William Travis, the Anglo-Texans -- "los indignos colonos" as the broadside refers to them -- overwhelmed the government post at Gonzalez, Texas in November, 1835 and then moved on San Antonio, to which they laid siege, finally forcing a surrender on December 10th and then establishing a provisional government. It is to these events that this circular relates, being a call to raise one thousand "voluntarios de la Patria" between Tamaulipas and Nuevo Leon under the command of General Francisco Vital Fernandez, to defend the honor of Mexico, i.e. to help to repulse the Anglo-Texans. Santa Anna was already on his way northward in the slow progress that would end at the Alamo (February 23-March 6, 1836).

    Reference: Streeter 845.1.


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    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    14th Saturday
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