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    The Romans, The Danes,
    and Stonehenge

    John Webb. A Vindication of Stone- Heng Restored: In which the Orders and Rules of Architecture Observed by the Ancient Romans, are Discussed. Together with the Customs and Manners of several Nations of the World in matters of Building Of Greatest Antiquity. As also an Historical Narration of the most memorable Actions of the Danes in England. London: Printed by R. Davenport for Tho. Bassett..., 1665. First edition. Folio. [6], 92, 97-232 pages (numbers 93-96 omitted in pagination). Bound without final errata leaf? Eleven numbered text engravings. Title-page printed in red and black, with woodcut vignette; woodcut head-pieces and initials. Imprimatur leaf with mounted engraving of Stonehenge. Bound in modern quarter leather and tan cloth; spine with raised bands and black lettering. Partially erased ink name and date on upper right corner of title-page. Small hole in text of Mm1 with minor affect to text, still legible. Pages with edge wear, creases and corner bends. Minimal scattered foxing and soiling to pages. Very good. ESTC R12913; Fowler 440; Wing W1203.

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    John Webb (1611-1672) was a British architect and student of Inigo Jones (1573-1652). Jones's theory was that Stonehenge was built as a Roman temple, open to the sky and dedicated to the god Coelus. In 1663 Dr. Walter Charleton in his Chorea Gigantum, attributed Stonehenge to the Danes. Webb countered with the current work (A Vindication of Stone-Heng), which is both a rebuttal of Charleton and an invaluable account of the life, character and work of (as Webb put it) "The Vitruvius of his age" (see John Webb in ODNB).

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