Description

    The First English Encyclopedia Arranged Alphabetically

    John Harris. Lexicon Technicum: or An Universal English Dictionary of Art and Sciences: Explaining not only The Terms of Art, But the Arts Themselves. London: Printed for Dan Brown, Tim Goodwin, John Walthoe, Tho. Newborough, John Nicholson, Tho. Benskin, Benj. Tooke, Dan Midwinter, Tho. Leigh, and Francis Coggan, 1704. First edition. Folio. a-b4, c1, B-7N4, 7O1. 462 leaves (unpaginated). Frontispiece portrait and seven plates (two folding). Numerous illustrations and figures in text. Title-page printed in red and black. Contemporary full speckled calf, stained with some scratching, gilt spine compartments, red morocco spine label, red speckled edges, corners and spine ends rubbed, front joint stressed. Some offsetting and browning to title, browning to leaves 6G2 - 6Q2, and to single page plates. Second folding plate with small tear to inner margin, no effect. Armorial bookplate of the Bridgewater Library on front board paste-down. Internally crisp and clean. The second volume, published later, is not present here. From the Krown & Spellman Collection.
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    "John Harris, clergyman, mathematician, and (from 1709) secretary of the Royal Society, produced the first English encyclopaedia arranged in alphabetical order. He was the earliest lexicographer to distinguish between a word book (dictionary, in modern parlance) and a subject book (encyclopaedia proper), thereby overcoming the confusion which Isidore had introduced a thousand years earlier. His Lexicon Technicum appears to be the first technical dictionary in any language. The most famous of his contributors was Isaac Newton" (PMM, p. 102 (171)).

    Numbered 25a on Horblit's One Hundred Books Famous in Science. Norman 992. PMM: 171. Wellcome III: 212. NLM: 198 (second edition).

    Harris, John. Lexicon Technicum: or An Universal English Dictionary of Art and Aciences: Explaining not only The Terms of Art, But The Arts Themselves. London: Printed for Dan Brown, Tim Goodwin, John Walthoe, Tho. Newborough, John Nicholson, Tho. Benskin, Benj. Tooke, Dan Midwinter, Tho. Leigh, and Francis Coggan. 1704. Folio. a-b4, c1, B-7N4, 7O1 462 leaves (unpaginated). Contemp. full speckled calf, stained with some scratching, gilt spine compartments, red morocco spine label, red speckled edges, corners & spine ends rubbed, front joint stressed. Red and black ink title page. Some offsetting & browning to title, browning to leaves 6G2 - 6Q2, and to single page plates. Second folding plate with small tear to inner margin, no effect. Armorial bookplate of the Bridgewater Library on front board paste-down. Internally crisp & clean. Frontis portrait and 7 plates (2 folding). Numerous illustrations and figures in text. First edition. ÒJohn Harris, clergyman, mathematician, and (from 1709) secretary of the Royal Society, produced the first English encyclopaedia arranged in alphabetical order. He was the earliest lexicographer to distinguish between a word book (dictionary, in modern palance) and a subject book (encyclopaedia proper), thereby overcoming the confusion which Isidore had introduced a thousand years earlier. His Lexicon Technicum appears to be the first technical dictionary in any language. The most famous of his contributors was Isaac NewtonÓ - PMM, p.102 (171).
    The second volume, published later, is not present here.

    Numbered 25a on HorblitÕs One Hundred Books Famous in Science. Norman 992, PMM: 171, Wellcome III: 212, NLM: 198 (2nd ed), Horblit: 25a. technology. science. dictionary. encyclopedia.



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