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    Johann ReicJohann Reiche (Reich, Reichen), Christian Thomasius (Thomas). Unterschiedliche Schrifften von Unfug des Hexen-Processes, .... Halle im Magdeburg: 1703-1704.

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    Johann Reiche (Reich, Reichen), Christian Thomasius (Thomas). Unterschiedliche Schrifften von Unfug des Hexen-Processes, Zu fernerer Untersuchung der Zauberey... [And:] Kurtze Lehr-Satze von dem Laster der Zauberey. Halle im Magdeburg: Rengerischen Buch-Laden, 1703-1704.

    First edition of Hexen-Proceszes; second edition (first German) of Laster der Zauberey. Two quarto volumes. ) (4,) (3, A-5D4, 5A-5C4, 5D2; a4, b2, A-4I4. (14), 774, (27); (10), 621, (2) pages. Register to both volumes in volume I. Modern half calf over marbled boards. Gilt titles on red spine labels. Clean tear to 2D4 of volume one, repaired, no loss. First nine leaves to volume II with top outer margin tear, repaired (some text loss to first seven leaves). Quire 4C in volume II misbound, otherwise a good copy of these rare books.

    Coumont T23.4. Cornell 466. Rosenthal 4106. and 4133 (1717 edition). Ferguson II: 693 (1706 edition). OCLC 46398788. Henning, Faust Biblio I: 1943 and 1947. Engel, Biblio Faustiana: 60, 61. From the Krown & Spellman Collection.

    Reiche (Reich, Reichen), Johann, Christian Thomasius (Thomas). Unterschiedliche Schrifften von Unfug des Hexen-Processes, Zu fernerer Untersuchung der Zauberey... (and) Kurtze Lehr-Satze von dem Laster der Zauberey. Halle im Magdeburg: Rengerischen Buch-Laden, 1703-4. 4to. 2vols. )(4, )(3, A-5D4, 5A-5C4, 5D2. a4, b2, A-4I4. (14), 774, (27), (10), 621, (2)p. Modern half calf over marbled boards. Gilt titles on red labels. Clean tear to 2D4 of volume one, repaired, no loss. First nine leaves to volume two with top outer margin tear, repaired (some text loss to first seven leaves). Quire 4C in volume two misbound, otherwise good copy. Register to both volumes in volume one. First edition of Hexen-Proceszes. Second edition (first German) of Laster der Zauberey. Rare. The two main parts of the Thomasius-Reichen documentary history of witchcraft; the first entitled Unterschiedliche Schrifften von Unfug des Hexen-Processes; the second, Fernerer Unfug der Zauberey; also includes works by Meyfart, Naude, Loudon und Louis Goffredy, Thomasius and Spee. An anthology of all significant treatises on the fight against belief in witchcraft.

    "Christian Thomasius (1655-1728), a jurist and the first head of the University of Halle in Prussia, was one of the leading opponents of witch-hunting in Germany during the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Thomasius came to oppose witch-hunting after careful thought and study. He voted for mild torture of an accused witch whose case had been submitted to the law faculty of the university in 1694, but further reflection and examination of the arguments led him to oppose all torture of accused witches and eventually the legal concept of witchcraft. Thomasius's two main works opposing witch persecution were the Latin "Of the Crime of Magic" (1701), a juridical work, and the German "Historical Investigation into the Origins and History of the Inquisitorial Trial (1712). (Thomasius's willingness to use the German in serious scholarly publications , and even to lecture in it, was highly controversial in the conservative German academic culture.) "Of the Crime of Magic" attacked the idea that the Devil had power to affect the physical world. Thomasius did not deny that there were witches and that they could be justly punished for the maleficia, even if unsuccessful, but he did deny the central tenets of early modern witchcraft belief, including the satanic pact, the sabbat and witch flight. Thomasius's Cartesian-influenced skepticism over the possibility of the Devil's action in the material world, similar to Balthasar Bekker's, was coupled with juristic skepticism over the validity of the confessions extracted by torture... Thomasius strongly opposed the use of torture in all judicial processes, not just witchcraft. "Of the Crime of Magic" was published in German translation by Thomasius's student and fellow opponent of witch persecution Johann Reiche in 1703" - Burns, Witch Hunts in Europe And America: An Encyclopedia.

    "His (Thomasius) most famous work, Dissertatio de crimine magiae, which was translated into German as "Kurze Lehr-Satze" in 1703 was largely concerned with questions of judicial proof. It recommended that when cases of witchcraft came before the courts, judges needed to proceed with great caution, investigate the possibility of deception and demand more proof than was required under the existing criminal law. Even if it could be proved that the Devil had been responsible for the injury or illness that had been inflicted (a point on which Thomasius was himself highly dubious), one could not prove that the accused was responsible for the deed by means of the pact. The entire procedure for trying witches was therefore useless, and all prosecutions should cease....The philosophical position that underlay Thomasius's judicial skepticism did not go much beyond that of Wier, Scot and the other sixteenth century critics of witch-hunting, The same can be said for the other jurists who wrote about the crime of witchcraft in the early eighteenth century, like Johann Reiche and Jacob Brunneman, and the judges who tried the last cases. These men had rejected the reality of the sabbath and the pact with the Devil, but they had not yet embraced a philosophy or a theology that would lead them to reject the reality of natural or even demonic magic." - Ankarloo & Clark, Witchcraft & Magic in Europe (18th & 19th centuries), p.39-40.

    "We also have in our University Library some curious evidences of Thomasius's efforts. He hardly dared attack witchcraft openly; he therefore allowed a student, one Johann Reich, to prepare and deliver a thesis under his inspiration in which the whole old system was questioned. Thomasius, as professor, presided, and we may well imagine what his decision in the case was sure to be. The printed thesis, bearing the names of Thomasius and Reich, you may see in the University Library...Thomasius is the greatest statesman in German history between Luther and Bismarck. He, too, deserves to be remembered by jurists so long as the principle of justice shall be cherished in the minds and hearts of men." - Cornell Magazine, Vol. 9, 1896.

    Little is known about Johann Reiche other than he was a jurist, adjunct professor of Philosophy at Univ. Halle, and student and friend to Christian Thomasius.

    "Johann Reiche seems to have been an earnest champion of the new ideas. In the preface (vorrede) to his "Untersciedliche Schrifften von Unfug des Hexen-Processes (Halle, 1703)", he says that for eighteen months he had been preparing to issue an enlarged edition of his "Disputatio de Crimine Magiae" and had it in great part completed, but had been interfered with by false accusations. He had at least promised himself the applause of intelligent people, thinking that the kingdom of superstition had gone with the past century, but he had experienced the contrary and found the same unreasoning judgement of his labors as in the thickest darkness of papal times. Therefore he had changed his intention and preferred to put forward the writings of others rather than his own. He therefore print in his volume four writings: 1. "Malleus Judicum oder Gesetz-Hamme der unbarmhertzigen Hexen-Richter", This he says, is evidently from the early part of the sixteenth century, as can be seen from its style. 2. "The Cautio Criminalis" the author of which he does not know, but he finds that it is of old date, and not recent as he supposed. 3. The "Christliche Erinnerung an Regenten u Prediger", of the renowned theolgian Dr. Job Matthaus Meyfart, who closely follows steps of the Cautio Criminalis. 4. "Viererley Sorten Hexen-Aeta, to show what was held to be withcraft." - H.C. Lea Materials Toward a History of Witchcraft.

    Reiche's Hexen-Processes also includes works by Louis Gaufridi (1572-1611), Urbain Grandlier, Johann Matheius Meyfart (1590-1642), and Francois Rosset (c.1570-1630).

    Coumont T23.4. Cornell 466. Rosenthal 4106. & 4133 (1717 ed.). Ferguson II: 693 (1706 ed.)OCLC 46398788. Henning, Faust Biblio I: 1943 & 1947. Engel, Biblio Faustiana: 60 & 61.



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