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    Joannes Grammaticus Philoponus. In Procli Diadochi Duodeviginti Argumenta.... Lyon: January 1557.

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    Joannes Grammaticus Philoponus. [John of Alexandria]. In Procli Diadochi Duodeviginti Argumenta. De Mundi Aeternitate... Lyon: Nicolas Edoard (Compagne des Libraries), January 1557. First edition of this translation by Mahotius into Latin.

    Folio. Approximately 12.5 x 8 inches. a-ß 4, a-z, A6,B4. [16], 295 pages. Large printer's device on title-page, historiated initials, head-pieces. Full old vellum (sixteenth-century?), rebacked in modern vellum. Stain on front cover, binding rubbed and mildly worn, lacks ties; medieval manuscript used as sewing bands, old Jesuit ownership notation in ink ("Coll. Soc.tis Jesu Gandavi" dated 1628) on title-page, erasure on title-page causing small hole (no loss), minor stains, archival repair on verso of last leaf (cancel?), old stain from earlier cellotape repair. Generally, a crisp, near fine copy with large margins. From the Krown & Spellman Collection.  

    "Philoponus was born between 475 and 480, probably at Alexandria where he was a member of the philosophical school established by Hermeias, a pupil of Syrianus, and was himself a pupil (in company perhaps with Boethius) of Ammonius...Philoponus abandoned his master's Aristotelianism for Stoic theory, of which he was the most brilliant exponent in the sixth century. At the same time he eliminated from his teaching everything that was incompatible with Christianism...He died soon after 565. The De aeternitate mundi contra Proclum was so called to distinguish it from another work of the same name which he wrote against Aristotle. its purpose is seen to have been to refute the doctrine of the Quintessence and thence to argue the contingency of the world...The refutation of the Quintessence is part of the attack on the eternity of the world...It is eternal in the sense that it has no intrinsic cause of destruction. It is at rest in time, not an eternal rest...The De aeternitate...may have been intended as a demonstration that the Alexandrian school dissociated itself from the teaching of an attack on it for persisting in it...Philoponus accuses Proclus of misinterpreting Plato...The eternity of the world, therefore, does not follow from the eternity of the Form which, for the period of the existence of the Cosmos, is its exemplar." [Cambridge Hist. of Later Greek & Early Med. Philosophy, pp477-83.]

    His arguments were used by Maimonides and arabic philosophers. Adams P1062. Baudrier IV, 107. Brunet III,544. Graesse IV,466. Hoffmann II,441. BM STC (French) 245. Sarton I,422.

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