Description

    A "Monarch Among Theologians"

    Gabriel Biel. Sacra canonis misse ta[m] mystica q[uam] litteralis expositio... Paris: Jean Petit, Jean Bienayse, Jacques Ferrebouc, Enguilbert and Geoffroy de Marnef, and Francois Regnault, 1516. Folio. A8, B-n6, o8, +6, ++4. CCXIIII, (10) pages. Historiated and decorated title page with vignettes and Regnault's elephant printer's mark in center, with text in red and black ink. Small woodcut of Jesus' Crucifixion, E2. Decorated initials. Original elaborate morocco with four clasps renewed, to top edges and side edges, small holes remain from previous bosses, boards rubbed, leather chipped, small worm holes. Small hole to title page (stamp removal?), not affecting text, pencil holograph printer's information on lower margin. Hole to last leaf, also not affecting text. Endpapers wormed, scattered small worm holes to outer margins, pinhole worming to some of text at end of book. Old ink annotations to outer margins and to inside of both boards. Minor soiling, dampstains, and occasional minor paper repairs. Small library stamp to H6. Rear free endpaper loose, else a good copy of this scarce edition. Renouard III: 593. Moreau 1274. Adams B:2016. Index Aurel 119.119. USTC 209678. Pettegree/Walsby: 58183. From the Krown & Spellman Collection.
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    Gabriel Biel. Sacra canonis misse ta[m] mystica q[uam] litteralis expositio... Paris: Jean Petit, Jean Bienayse, Jacques Ferrebouc, Enguilbert and Geoffroy de Marnef, and Francois Regnault, 1516.       

    Folio. A8, B-n6, o8, +6, ++4. CCXIIII, (10) pages. Historiated and decorated title page with vignettes and Regnault's elephant printer's mark in center, with text in red and black ink. Small woodcut of Jesus' Crucifixion, E2. Decorated initials. Original elaborate morocco with four clasps renewed, to top edges and side edges, small holes remain from previous bosses, boards rubbed, leather chipped, small worm holes. Small hole to title page (stamp removal?), not affecting text, pencil holograph printer's information on lower margin. Hole to last leaf, also not affecting text. Endpapers wormed, scattered small worm holes to outer margins, pinhole worming to some of text at end of book. Old ink annotations to outer margins and to inside of both boards. Minor soiling, dampstains, and occasional minor paper repairs. Small library stamp to H6. Rear free endpaper loose, else a good copy of this scarce edition.               

    "(Biel) Called "the last of the Scholastics", born at Speyer, Germany, circa 1425; died at Tübingen, 1495. His studies were pursued at Heidelberg and Erfurt.... Scheeben describes him as 'one of the best of the Nominalists, clear, exact, and more positive as well as more loyal to the Church than any of the others' (Dogmatik, no. 1073). The historian Janssen declares that he was one of the few Nominalists who erected a theological system without incurring the charge of unorthodoxy. (Cf. Geschichte des deutschen Volkes, I, 127, 15th edition.) He was neither narrow nor excessively speculative.

    "Though a Nominalist, he was tolerant of Realism, which also flourished at Tübingen under the leadership of Konrad Summenhart. A Scholastic, he was, to quote Janssen, 'free from empty speculations and ingenious intellectual juggling, being concerned with questions and needs of actual life', was interested in the social movements of his time, and maintained friendly relations with the Humanists. One of the latter, Heinrich Bebel, gave him the title of 'monarch among theologians'. His theological writings were repeatedly brought into the discussions of the Council of Trent....

    "Living as he did in a transition period, Biel exhibits characteristics of two intellectual eras. According to some, he was a Scholastic who expounded Aristotle rather than the Scriptures; according to others, he defended freer theological teaching, and opposed the ancient constitution of the Church and the authority of the pope. As a matter of fact, he acknowledged the primacy and supreme power of the Roman Pontiff, but, in common with many other theologians of his time, maintained the superiority of general councils, at least to the extent that they could compel the pope's resignation. And he displayed no more theological freedom than has been claimed and exercised by some of the strictest theologians...Sermones on the Sundays and festivals of the Christian year, with a disquisition on the plague and a defense of the authority of the pope..." -Catholic Encyclopedia.  

    Renouard III: 593. Moreau 1274. Adams B:2016. Index Aurel 119.119. USTC 209678. Pettegree/Walsby: 58183.    



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