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    Johann Kaspar Spurzheim. The Anatomy of the Brain, with a General View of the Nervous System. London: S. Highley, 1826.

    First edition. Octavo. xxiv, 234, [2, printer's slug] pages. Eleven engravings of the brain and nervous system bound in at the rear.

    Uncut in original boards and green muslin spine, printed paper spine label. Scattered foxing (heavier on pastedowns), minor label chipping (still very legible). Contemporary owner's signature on front endpaper (Edward Flint, M.D., of Leicester, Massachusetts). Overall, a wonderful copy with the plates very clean and vivid.

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    Spurzheim was born near Trier, Germany on December 31, 1776, and studied medicine at the University of Vienna. He became acquainted with Gall in 1800 and was soon hired by him as an assistant. Gall intended to have Spurzheim as his successor and added his name as a co-author to books and publications. In 1812, however, Gall and Spurzheim had a falling out, and Spurzheim started a separate career, lecturing and writing extensively on what he termed "Drs. Gall and Spurzheim's physiognomical System." He greatly popularised phrenology, and travelled extensively throughout Europe, achieving considerable success in England and France. He died of typhoid in Boston, in 1832, cutting short his first and only American tour. After the public autopsy of Spurzheim, his brain, skull, and heart were removed, preserved in jars of alcohol as relics, and put on display to the public. Adoring Bostonians staged an elaborate public funeral and erected a monument in Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Spurzheim made many alterations to Gall's phrenological system, including an increase in the number of "organs," as well as its organization into a hierarchical system. Spurzheim also used images and busts to illustrate the craniographic approach of phrenology. Spurzheim also coined the term phrenology.

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