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    Description

    [Samuel Houston] [Broadside]: Proclamation by the Governor of the State of Texas. Tall folio (8.33" x 19.25"), [Austin], February 9, 1861. Reading: "Whereas, by the several acts of the Legislature of the State of Texas, hereto appended, it is declared that an Ordinance dissolving the connection of Texas with the Federal Union, shall be submitted to the people of Texas, for their ratification or rejection; and whereas, it is also declared, that an election shall be held on the 23d day of February, A.D. 1861, at which time the qualified electors of the State shall vote upon the same, and it is made the duty of the Governor to issue Proclamation for the same..." One of the most important documents from the Civil War era of Texas history, and likely one of the scarcest. This broadside was first reproduced by W.M. Morrison in the late 1950s, and sold for a dollar a copy. There was no attempt with the Morrison copy to represent the facsimile as anything other than what it was: a modern reproduction. A second facsimile began to appear in the 1970s. The intent of this second facsimile was not so benign.

    We cite as points of comparison with the forgery printed in Texfake the following points: 1. The most obvious difference is the capital "A" in E. W. Cave's name right below the line "By the Governor." In the authentic broadside reproduced in the book and in the copy offered here, the crosspiece in the "A" is missing, as it is likely an inverted "V". In the forgery it has been filled in. 2. In the first line shown in the illustration in Texfake the "s" at the end of "Justices" is inverted, compared with the "s" at the end of "Commissioners" in the same line. In the forgery they have tried to "fix" that and the fix is very clumsy. The "s" in our broadside matches the authentic exemplar. 3. In the illustration of the authentic broadside in the book the "G" is imprinted weakly in the word "Great." The letter type was obviously defective; and it is highly probably that this was noticed by the printers and a new piece of type was inserted. In the forgery, the forger tried to add in the "G" by hand and that imprecise effort is plain. The "G" in our broadside is clearly NOT handwork. It is a sharp, new piece of type. This particular broadside has been in the collection of our consignor since 1959, when it was received as a gift from a well regarded collector and scholar in whose collection it had been for decades.

    Although himself a slave owner, Houston had always taken a political stance both against the spread of slavery and was strongly in favor of maintaining the strength of the Union. As a US Senator, Houston voted in 1848 for the Oregon Bill prohibiting the "peculiar institution" in that territory, a vote pro-slavery Southerners later held against him. As Governor, he would strongly oppose secession, and would leave his post as Governor rather than swear loyalty to the Confederacy.

    Reference:
    Parrish and Willingham 4213, locating only the TxU copy.


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    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    14th Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 2
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