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    [Broadside] Conde de Revilla Gigedo, Don Juan Vicente de Guemes Pacheco de Padilla Horcasitas y Aguayo: "Por quanto el Rey nuestro Señor (Dios le guarde) se ha dignado declarar la Guerra contra la Francia, sus Posesiones y Habitantes, cesando toda comunicacion, trato o comercio entre ellos y los Vassallos de S.M. en la forma y terminos que explica la Real Cedula de 30 de Marzo de este año, que acabo de recibir, y cuyo contenido a la letra es el siguiente:" (Translation: The reasons why the King our Master (God protect him) has dignified to declare war against Spain, her Possessions, and Inhabitants, ceasing all communication, trade or commerce with all Vessels in the manner and form as has been transmitted to me on March 30 of this year, that I have just received and which I relay beneath word for word.) Double elephant folio, 12" x 16.5" on revenue sealed laid paper, June 19, 1793, signed in type by Revilla Gigedo at bottom, adding his holograph rubric, with a full signature on verso beneath dateline, July 19, 1793 at "Capital Village of Nuevo Santander". Holograph docket indicates the broadside was "published at San Fernando, where a copy was archived of the original."

    King Charles IV of Spain explains the reasons for the declaration of war against France including the mistreatment of the King Louis XVI and his family, "jailed in a Tower and exposed daily to insults and dangers"; French aggression, both at the borders and on the seas; the fact that France had already declared war on Spain (France declared war on Spain on March 7, 1793); and France's refusal to negotiate a peaceful settlement. In fact, Louis the XVI had already been guillotined in January, and the First Republic of France was formed with the abolishment of the monarchy. Under Revilla Gigedo, Stephen F. Austin declined to lend assistance and refused to participate in, and in fact threatened to put down, the early independence movement known as the Fredonian Rebellion in 1827.

    With light dampstaining and moderate toning, this a near fine example of a very scarce early broadside. From the Taking of Texas Collection.


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    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    14th Saturday
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