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    Claudius Ptolemaeus [Ptolemy]. La Geografia di Claudio Tolomeo Alessandrino, Già tradotta di Greco in Italiano da M. Giero Ruscelli... In Venetia: Appresso Giordano Ziletti, 1574 [1573, and 1573]. Third edition of Girolamo Ruscelli's Italian translation of Ptolemy (first published in 1561, followed by a second edition in 1564), revised and corrected by Giovanni Malombra, whose dedication is dated "Gennaio [January] 1574." Three parts in one small quarto volume (8.875 x 6.5 inches; 225 x 167 mm.). [78, preliminaries and "Tavola"], [2, blank], 350 [i.e. 352], 27 double-page maps on [54] leaves, 38 double-page maps on [76] leaves, [54, "Espositioni"], [2, blank]; 65 ["Discorso"], [3, blank], [62, index], [1, errata], [2, blank] pages. Pagination corrected with a tiny piece of paper printed with "250" pasted over the incorrect number "232"; pages 250-251 repeated in pagination (i.e. pages 252-352 misnumbered 250-350); numerous additional errors in pagination. Signatures: Signatures: *⁴, **⁴, A-H⁴ (H⁴ blank), A-Z², Aa-Dd²; [maltese cross]², A-Z², Aa-Oo²; A-Z⁴, Aa-Xx⁴; [alpha]-[eta]⁴ ([eta]⁴ blank); A-G⁴, H⁶ (H⁶ blank). Complete with blank leaves H4, [eta]4, and final leaf H6. Leaf Ff1 (page 225) incorrectly signed as F1 (corrected in pencil to Ff). The "Espositioni et Introductioni Universali, de Girolamo Ruscelli," and "Discorso de M. Gioseppe Moleto..." each have separate title-page with woodcut printer's device, varying slightly, with motto "Inter Omnes" on the "Espositioni" title-page. Complete with sixty-five double-page copper-engraved maps (twenty-seven of the ancient world and thirty-eight of the modern world, ten of which relate to the Americas), most maps with descriptive text on both the recto of the first leaf and the verso of the second leaf; on the verso of final ancient map: "Il fine di tutta la Geografia di Toloneo." Large woodcut illustration of Ptolemy taking astronomical measurements on *2recto, repeated on *4verso; numerous woodcut illustrations and diagrams in the text, including a large woodcut diagram illustrating Ptolemy's third projection surrounded by head-winds. Typographic head- and tail-pieces; decorative woodcut head-pieces; decorative and historiated woodcut initials.

    Contemporary limp vellum with yapp fore-edges. Sprinkled edges. Remains of leather ties. Vellum rubbed in places and somewhat stained, especially on rear cover; biopredation to upper edge of rear cover and fore-edge flap; some loss at head of spine, and to upper outer edge of front fore-edge flap. Slightly shaken; a few gatherings becoming loose. Endpapers foxed and with a few tiny ink stains; tiny wormhole at the outer edge of front flyleaves; minor damage in the gutter from worming; a few tiny splits to bifolia. Some foxing, reverse foxing, and browning; a few signatures quite browned; occasional soiling and smudging; a few small mostly marginal stains or dampstains; light foxing and faint staining to the title-page. Occasional bleedthrough and offsetting from the engraved maps to the text pages; some maps with a slight vertical crease from the guards on which they are mounted; most of the maps have background shadowing from the printer's ink, due to the fact that this is the third Ruscelli edition, and the plates have been used before. Although the engraved maps are signed in twos, they appear to be bound in fours, with guards visible on the recto of the first and verso of the fourth leaf; a few additional leaves reinforced at gutter margin. Overall, still, a very good and apparently well-used, copy.

    Adams P-2236; Burden, The Mapping of North America, 29, 30, and 31; Edit-16 CNCE 41270; European Americana, 574.46 (Volume I, page 140 in print edition); JCB I, pages 255-256; Martin & Martin, Maps of Texas and the Southwest, page 69, plate 3; Nordenskiöld, Facsimile-Atlas, 34; Phillips, Atlases, 380-381; Sabin 66505; Shirley, Mapping of the World, 110, 111; Stevens, Ptolemy's Geography, page 52; Winsor, "A Bibliography of Ptolemy's Geography," in Harvard University Bulletin III, Nos. 24-29 (1883-1884), page 300.

    More Information: This is the third edition of the Italian translation by Girolamo Ruscelli which was first printed by Vincenzo Valgrisi in Venice, 1561. This edition is revised and corrected by Giovanni Malombra. The engraved maps, which are enlarged copies of Giacomo Gastaldi's maps in his Italian edition of Venice, 1548, are generally the same in the Venice 1561, 1562 (Latin), and 1564 editions printed in Venice. Sixty-three of the maps are printed from the same plates as the 1561 edition. The exceptions are the Ptolemaic world map, "Tavola prima universale antica, di tutta la terra conosciura fin' a' tempi di Tolomeo," which is on a revised conical projection, and the additional map "Territorio di Roma duodecima tavola nuova d'Europa" which is new to this edition.

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