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    A Complete Account of the Legislation Passed
    by the Fifth United States Congress

    [United States Congress]. Acts passed at the First[-Third] Session of the Fifth Congress of the United States of America: begun and held at the city of Philadelphia, in the state of Pennsylvania, on Monday the fifteenth of May, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven, and of the independence of the United States, the twenty-first. Published by Authority. Philadelphia: Printed by William Ross, near Congress Hall, 1797[-1799]. First edition of the Acts of the Fifth Congress, which met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, from May 15, 1797 to March 3, 1799, (the First Session from May 15, 1797, to July 8, 1797; the Second Session from November 13, 1797, to July 16, 1798; and the Third Session from December 3, 1798, to March 3, 1799). Octavo (8 x 4.75 inches; 204 x 123 mm.). 240, vii (Table of Contents), [1, blank]; [241]-561, [1, blank], 26, iv (Table of Contents), [48, Index] pages. Signatures: A-Z4 Aa-Zz4 3A-3Z4 4A-4M4. Leaf [A]4 (pages 7/8) has been torn out (containing "An Act to provide for the further defence of the ports and harbours of the United States" and the first section of "An Act authorizing a detachment from the militia of the United States"). Although the title refers only to the First Session, all three Sessions are included. The Second and Third Sessions are preceded by fly-titles only.

    Contemporary sheep. Covers decoratively bordered in blind; smooth spine ruled and numbered ("4") in blind, with burgundy leather label decoratively tooled and lettered in gilt. Binding rubbed, with some surface loss, but still attractive. Over-opened at title. A few small stains or ink spots. Early ink annotations on rear free endpaper and pastedown. A very good copy.

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    Comprises: "Acts passed at the First Session of the Fifth Congress of the United States of America" pages [1]-40; "Treaty of Peace and Friendship between the United States of America and the Bey and Subjects of Tripoli of Barbary" (June 7, 1797): pages [41]-46; "Acts passed at the Second Session of the Fifth Congress of the United States": pages [49]-240; "Acts passed at the Third Session of the Fifth Congress of the United States": pages [241]-554; "Articles of a Treaty between the United States of America and the Cherokee Indians" (October 2, 1798): pages [555]-561; "The Constitution of the United States of America...With the several Amendments thereto": pages [1]-26 at end.


    The complete official record of the legislation passed by the Fifth Congress, including: "Chapter XI. An Act laying duties on stamped vellum, parchment and paper" (July 6, 1797, pages 20-33); "Chapter XXXVII. An Act to amend the act, intituled 'An act laying duties on Stamped Vellum, Parchment and Paper'" (March 19, 1798, pages 79-82); "Chapter LXXI. [Naturalization Act of 1798] An Act supplementary to and to amend the act, intituled 'An act to establish an uniform rule of naturalization; and to repeal the act heretofore passed on that subject'" (June 18, 1798, pages 133-139); "Chapter LXXV. [Alien and Seditions Acts] An Act concerning Aliens" (June 25, 1798, pages 143-146); "Chapter LXXXIII. [Alien and Seditions Acts] An Act respecting alien enemies" (July 6, 1798, pages 160-162); "Chapter LXXXIX. An Act for the establishing and organizing a Marine Corps" (July 11, 1798, pages 199-201); "Chapter XCI. An Act in addition to the act, intituled 'An act for the punishment of certain crimes against the United States'" (July 14, 1798, pages 202-204); "Chapter XCII. An Act to lay and collect a direct tax within the United States" (July 14, 1798, pages 204-219); "Chapter CXLIX. An Act to establish the Post-Office of the United States" (March 2, 1799, pages 505-523).


    Article XI of the Treaty of Tripoli reads: "As the government of the United States of America is not in any sense founded on the Christian religion-as it has in itself no character of enmity against the laws, religion or tranquility of Musselmen-and as the said states never have entered into any war or act of hostility against any Mohometan nation, it is declared by the parties, that no pretext arising from religious opinions shall ever produce an interruption of the harmony existing between the two countries."


    "Mar. 3, 1795, President Washington approved the act which led to the issue of the so-called Folwell edition, the first collected edition of the laws...Under this sanction a three-volume edition was printed at Philadelphia by Richard Folwell. All of the volumes bear the imprint date 1796, though v. 3 contains the legislation of the 4th Congress, which continued until Mar. 3, 1797. In this edition each law is numbered as a chapter and in v. 1 and 2 a new set of numbers begins with each session. In the later volumes one set of numbers runs through a whole Congress...Folwell's volumes have no prefaces, introductions, notes, or other 'apparatus,' but the words 'Published by authority' appear on the title-pages. Folwell issued in 1799 his v. 4, containing the legislation of the 5th Congress. This volume was issued also by two other Philadelphia publishers, Mathew Carey and William Ross, and the latter's book appears to have been printed from Folwell's type, though it has not the same title-page" (Checklist of United States Public Documents 1789-1909, pages 963-964, S7.7 (Folwell edition)).


    ESTC W14662. See Evans 32951, 34688, 36479; and Sabin 15502, 15503, 15504.

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