Description[Abraham Lincoln]. Imprint of Congressman Abraham Lincoln's Speech in the House, 1848. Speech of Mr. Lincoln, of Illinois, on the Reference of the President's Message, in the House of Representatives. Wednesday, January 14, 1848 (Washington: Printed by J. & G. S. Gideon, 1848, 14 pages). Elected to represent Illinois in the US House of Representatives in 1846, Abraham Lincoln served for two years. A steadfast Whig, Lincoln was loyal to the party line which meant questioning the necessity and constitutionality of the war against Mexico, particularly the actions taken by President James Polk, a Democrat. This speech was given sixteen days before the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, which ended the controversial Mexican War. This copy belonged to Francis Springer, who has signed his name in ink in the top margin of the cover. Penciled mathematical notations occur on the final page. Foxing, toning, minor staining, and some lose pages. Sabin 41162; Monaghan 4.
Francis Springer (1810-1892) of Springfield, Illinois, had been a friend and neighbor of Abraham Lincoln. (Abraham and Mary Lincoln bought their first home next to Springer's home near Lincoln's office in Springfield in 1844.) At the outbreak of the Civil War, Springer enlisted as a chaplain in the Union Army. Two years later, Lincoln recommended him for a post chaplaincy in Fort Smith, Arkansas, writing, "I personally know Mr. Springer to be an excellent man" (William Furry, ed., The Preacher's Tale: The Civil War Journal of Rev. Francis Springer, [University of Arkansas Press, 2001], xvii.). President Lincoln had also referred to Mr. Springer earlier in a note to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton as "one of my best friends" (Ibid., xvii).
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