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    Thirty-seven Woodcut Portraits of Figures
    from the Protestant Reformation

    [Theodore de Beza]. Theodoro Beza. Icones, id est Verae Imagines Virorum Doctrina Simul et Pietate Illustrium... Geneva: Apud Ionem Laonium, 1580. Quarto. *4, A-2Q3. [318] pages. Title page vignette and woodcut dedication portrait of King James. Thirty-seven woodcut portraits within decorative woodcut borders. Fifty-four pages have woodcut borders with a person's name in place of a portrait. At the end are forty-four woodcut emblems in borders.
    Bound by Lhuinte in half red morocco over marbled paper covered boards with gilt rules on covers, five raised spine bands with gilt titles and decorations in compartments, date misprinted as "1590," all edges red, marbled endpapers. Binding rubbed, upper right corner chip to leather on front board. Several leaves (mostly towards the beginning of the book, up to gathering G) appear to have been washed. Some minor foxing and soiling. Several paper repairs to margins, occasional small edge tears and few closed tears in text, few holograph annotations, hole in the eye of the Savonarola portrait on B3 with minor affect to text on verso, small hole in text on C4, repaired paper loss with affect to border of Paulus Fagius portrait on G2. Very good.

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    "The first half of the book is a Protestant humanist 'Contemporaries of Erasmus', with biographies and woodcut portraits of many of the greatest figures of the Reformation, including Hus, Erasmus, Savonarola, Zwingli, Marot, Michel L'Hopital, Marguerite de Valois, Bude, Josias Simler, Gesner, Calvin, et al. English and Scottish reformers are well represented with Cranmer, Latimer, Wyclif, John Knox, appearing, among others as well as an interesting account of the reign of Mary, mentioned in the introduction to the section, where the martyrdoms of John Rogers, John Philpot, John Bradford, William Hunter and others are briefly discussed. There are a total of 37 portraits and for figures for whom no portrait was available, a vacant space has been left open within a woodcut frame. The effect of the biographies and portraits is to portray the reform movement as an international phenomenon that crosses national borders. The second half of the book is devoted to Beze's emblems and is one of the earliest overt uses of the genre by Protestants - the first Protestant emblem book, Emblemmes, ou, devises Chrestiennes, by Georgette de Montenay was first published in 1571."

    ['Mnemonic emblems in the humanist discourses of knowledge', in Aspects of Renaissance and Baroque Symbol Theory, ed. Peter M. Daly and John Manning, New York, 1999.]

    Index Aurel. 118.745. Adams, B-919-920. Adams, Rawles,& Saunders, French Emblem Books, 104. Praz 270. Princeton, Emblem Books 103. Landwehr, Romantic 154. Schottenlohr 35734. Gardy 338.

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