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    [Sephardic Studies]. Sephardic Scroll Fragment of the Pentateuch, Deuteronomy Chapter 31: 12-28. [Iberia:] Twelfth-Century on Deerskin. Krown & Spellman retail: $7, 500.
    Framed to an overall size of approximately 18 x 7 inches. Thirty-Nine lines of legible text on deerskin, edges with wear, some separation of skin, but overall a fine example of an early Sephardic fragment. Double-sided thick glass frame, with notes on small stickers for reference. The Deuteronomy chapter is the prediction of Israeli rebellion. From the Krown & Spellman Collection.

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    "For sacred purposes only animal skin could be used, either in the form of gevil (uncut skin), which was reversed for Torah scrolls, or kelaf (split skin, aka parchment), which could be used for other biblical books... For sacred purposes only skins from ritually pure animals could be used, deerskins were preferred" - [Encyclopedia Judaica: Books].

    "The academic term Sephardim are the Jews from Iberia (Spain and Portugal). A location named Sepharad is mentioned in the Tanakh (Bible) in the book of Obadiah, where the prophet refers to the Jerusalemite exiles in Shepharad. There is no scholarly consensus as to the geographical location to which this passage originally referred. From late Roman times, some Jews assumed that Shepharad referred to Spain. By the Middle Ages, Shepharad was the normal term used by Jews to refer to Spain. According to Sephardic tradition, the first Jews to arrive in Spain were the exiles from Jerusalem to whom Obadiah referred, who came in the sixth-pre Christian century. Many scholars assume Jews settled in Spain in Roman times, but we have little information about Jewish life in Spain until the time of the Visigothic Spanish Kingdom, which outlawed Judaism at the end of the seventh century after the kings had become Catholics. Spain was conquered by Muslims in 711. In the tenth and eleventh centuries, Spanish Judaism flourished under the Muslims, producing poets, scholars, and courtiers of the first order. After the Christian Reconquista gained Toldeo in 1085, when the Almoravids came to rule the Islamic side of the frontier, Jewish cultural achievements in Muslim Spain began to decline, disappearing under the Almohades in the mid-twelfth century."               

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    Auction Dates
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    21st Thursday
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