Description

    1687 Broadside Announcing the Pregnancy of James II Queen Consort Mary of Modena

    [King James II] Proclamation Announcing the Pregnancy of the Queen Consort Mary of Modena [The son, James Francois Edward Stuart], December 23, 1687. One page broadside, 11.5 inches x 14.5 inches. London: Printed by Charles Bill, Henry Hills, and Thomas Newcomb, Printers to the Kings Most Excellent Majesty, 1687. The broadside is surmounted with the King's crest and begins with a large cherub illustrated initial. The document is mounted in a temporary matting for display. Fine condition. From the Krown & Spellman Collection.
    Please visit HA.com/6127 for an extended description of this lot.


    More Information:

    "James married twice. He was first married to Anne Hyde, daughter of the Duke of Clarendon, and then to Italian Mary of Modena. While his marriage with Anne was a love-match, a marriage that he went to great lengths to secure, like his brother he kept a number of mistresses. Unlike his brother, however, he had a number of legitimate children. By Anne he had eight children (four sons, four daughters) and by Mary he had seven children (two sons, five daughters). Of the eight children he had with Anne, only two survived to adulthood: the two future queens, Queen Mary II and Queen Anne. As James had no legitimate male heir when he became King, his daughter Mary (married to her cousin, William of Orange) was next in line to the throne. The promise of a Protestant succession made a Roman Catholic monarch tolerable, but in 1688 James's wife gave birth to a son: James Francis Edward.

    "The birth of a male heir was fatal to James's sovereignty. In what is known as The Glorious Revolution of 1688, James II was deposed by his nephew and son-in-law, William of Orange. Not only did William have a claim to the throne as a grandson of Charles I, but as Mary's husband. William and Mary were recognized as joint-rulers by Parliament, and James was once again forced into exile. He tried to reclaim the throne at the Battle of the Boyne (1690) in Ireland, but was heavily defeated. He returned to France and died there in 1701.

    "As James's legitimate son, James Francis Edward believed that he was now the rightful King of England, but he never achieved the crown. As he claimed to be the rightful King, he became known as The Old Pretender. His son, Charles, who also asserted his right to the crown, became known as The Young Pretender. But when Queen Anne died without an heir in 1714, the crown passed to George Hanover, great-grandson of James I." - From the Tudors and Stuarts website.

    ESTC R2633. Wing J313. Steele 3850.



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    Auction Dates
    August, 2015
    5th Wednesday
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