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    Description

    Woodrow Wilson Typed Statement Signed Concerning the League of Nations. One page on White House letterhead, 7" x 8.75"; June 17, 1920. A statement supporting the the establishment of the League of Nations. In full:

    "The covenant of the League of Nations as written into the Treaty of Versailles embodies the best thought and purpose of the leading statesmen of the world in fulfillment of their pledge to their people that the war was fought to prevent future wars, because to prevent future aggressions such as led to this war. I cannot see how it can fail to have support of all forward-looking Christian people.

    Woodrow Wilson

    It is not clear as to why this statement was drafted and signed by President Wilson, or for whom it was intended. Wilson had participated directly in the peace negotiations that ended World War I and assisted in drafting the Treaty of Versailles, signed in June 1919, which included the formation of a League of Nations. Although Wilson committed the United States' support for the League, he did not have the final say in the ratification of the treaty and or the country's membership in the League. That was, by law, the role of the United States Senate, which was controlled by the Republican Party. President Wilson believed the Senate would have no choice but to ratify the treaty and the League if the people of the United States demanded it. Thus he embarked on a grueling national tour to promote the treaty and the League of Nations as the only hope of preserving world peace and avoiding future wars. After a month on the road, Wilson became ill and suffered a stroke, which incapacitated him for the duration of his second term. In March 1920, the United States Senate rejected the treaty, fearing that joining the League of Nations would compromise the country's freedom and independence. Democratic supporters of the treaty urged Wilson to compromise to gain passage, but he steadfastly refused, thus dooming the treaty and the United States' membership in the League of Nations. This statement was signed by Wilson a week or so before the Democratic National Convention, which was held on June 28-July 6, 1920. The statement may have been composed to promote the League among Wilson's supporters and or party leaders who were drafting the party's platform.

    The League of Nations, without the United States, first met as a full assembly on November 15, 1920. For his efforts on behalf of the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations, Wilson was the 1919 Nobel Peace Prize, which was awarded on December 10, 1920. From the Estate of Malcolm S. Forbes.

    Condition: The document has one horizontal fold, and toning throughout. Boasting a bold signature, the document is in very good condition.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    October, 2016
    19th Wednesday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 8
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