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    Union Soldier of the 30th Wisconsin Diary Grouping, with Great Content including fighting Indians, hunting buffalo, "Negro" troops, and much more. Sergeant Jack Wilson of Company F, 30th Wisconsin, mustered into his regiment in August 1862. He served until September 1865. This grouping includes Sgt. Wilson's pocket diary for 1865, a manuscript diary for the year 1864 kept in a small notebook, a roster book for Company F kept by Wilson, his Army discharge, a post-war issued "Special Order", and a post-war (1867) diary.

    Wilson's 1864 diary is dated between December 27, 1863, and July 1864. Wilson uses both pen and ink to fill this diary. In part: "[Jan 2] Hell of a row with Indians for stealing cattle...[ Jan 29] two Indians came buffalo not far off ...great rejoicing among the Indians...[ Jan 30] Camped on Michigan lake, wood scarce, some of the squaws did no get in until eight oclock...Ed carried one a little while...[Feb 1] the Indians killed one buffalo about four oclock, great rejoicing, we eat some guts for supper...[Feb 3] Left Buffalo Run at seven oclock had to take wood with us one our backs saw an Indian trying to fuck a squaw in the road. Camped at open prairie killed two buffalo in the afternoon...[Feb 4] saw eight buffalo surrounded them almost but they all got away. The other party killed two...the Indians shot six buffalo...[ Feb 17] little fight between two Winnebago Indians...[Feb 19] great dance among the Sioux and Winnebago...[Feb 21] Yankton Sioux left in the morning about seven hundred ponies an one thousand bucks and squaws...[Feb 25] big dance among the Sioux...[Mar 4] On guard as officer
    of the guard. Horse cut loose by Indians...[Mar 6] Some trouble with the Winnebagoes part of company called out onto the bang of the river to stop their going below...[Mar 7] riot 117 killed 205 wounded one missing...[Mar 28] God damned hard snow storm. Indian teepees all tore to pieces...[April 30] Man died out of Co. M 7th Iowa Cav...[May 22] Three Indians taken at midnight..." Much more good content, including approximately ten pages containing the phonetic spelling of Lakota words with the corresponding word in English. Good condition, with heavy wear and paper loss at bottom corners of final pages.

    Wilson's entries for the rest of 1864 are made in small perpetual diary (2.5" x 4") made for that year in both pencil & ink, with daily entries of his service from July 9 to December 31st 1864. In part: "[July 9, 1864] Arrived at Fort Rice all of the expedition here...[July 10] Buffalo run into camp one was killed... [July 13] Big herd of Buffalo, 78 killed by cav boys...[July 16] On guard acting as officer of the guard. Man buried in the Minnesota troops... [July 18] traded watch for revolver...[July 19] General Sully left with his forces for Idaho... [July 21] Indians reported within two days march by scouts...[July 7] L. Smith came in from the Idaho train with 14 men for reinforcements brought 7 Indian scalps. Reported 8 men killed and 11 wounded...[Sep 9] Received orders to go to the assistance of Capt. Fisks party...[Sep 10] Gen. Sully and his staff make this side their Hd Quarters. Man buried out of the Min. 5th...[Sep 14] scout killed a buffalo...[Sep 16] Indian came into camp at daylight took 15 horses...[Sep 20] Arrived at Fisks train at 11 saw the graves of the men killed on the road, 200 men, drunk in the evening... [Sep 29] Mood went with the ambulances to take care of [John A.] Flagg. Killed 7 buffalo...[Sep 30] Flagg died at ten o'clock evening...[Oct 2] Cavalry attacked by the Indians on the east side of the river... [Oct 6] Indians seen and boys went out after them...[Oct 18] Indians came to the river. Col. Dill went over to them they were going to Sully to make a treaty...[Nov 2] Arrived at Sioux City at 9 am... [John]Borhnstedt drunk, bound and gagged. G[eorge W.] Haughtiling under arrest... [Dec 19] lots of rebel prisoners came in...[Dec 26] Co. D reported captured by guerrillas...[Dec 27] several rebs taken by General Sherman on the 21 reached here..."

    Wilson then uses the same 1864 diary to record entries from January 1, 1865 to June 10, 1865: "[Jan 12] woman crying as we picked street, took quarters in military prison. Four hundred prisoners...[Jan 14] 500 prisoners and 17doctors sent off, privates to Camp Chase, Ohio, Boston...Delaware...[Jan 15] on police in the prison...14 men detailed to go to Nashville...[Jan 16] 200 privates sent for Chase...184 rebel privates and 2 officers came in last night...[Jan 17] 184 privates and nine rebel officers in prison...[Jan 18] Lt. Strong and 22 others went to Camp Chase with prisoners...[Jan 20] On guard, our regiment goes to town to hang a guerilla, a hard looking case. Chaplin Green goes with him... [Jan 27] hospital burnt in prison barracks, called out rebel officers...went into the birthplace of Lincoln...[Jan 28] quartered in court house, 400 rebs reported coming in...[Feb 3] went to the verities as guard, sad besides colored loss... [Feb 15] Left with 700 rebel prisoners for Rock Island, crossed the river at Portland, run all
    night...[Feb 18] Arrived at Rock Island...went to prison...Negro troops guarding men... [Feb 22]On market street as guard, 100 guns fired in honor of Charleston being taken. Took one soldier to the
    prison... [Feb 23] On patrol at night...dead man with boots and hat off in yard, blood in his eye... [Feb 26] On guard at the post office...with Vice President A. Johnson. Man and woman killed...[Feb 28] boys returned as ordered to surrender to guerrillas. Went to the flag presentation. Lots of wine and lots of men and women and girls...Arrested a soldier for trying to sell a government horse...[Mar 3]
    Negro girl came in the barracks poor thing...[Mar 17] 120 men went out after guerillas...[Mar 20] Colored troops...paraded the streets... [Mar 24] Boys returned from down river brought in the guerilla [Burt] Hays he being wounded on guard at Steamboat... [Apr 7] Lees Army reported taken...[Apr 10] Official dispatch of Lee's surrender to Gen. Grant... [Apr 15] Abe Lincoln shot in Richmond at Theater at 9pm... [Apr 27] Went up on guard to hang Starly Prison Barracks. Official dispatch of Booth and Harold on Tue. 26...[Apr 29] Official dispatch of Joe Johnston's surrender on the 26 - 10pm... [May 8] On prison guard man of the 11th Ohio ranaway with my blanket. Went on a raid with 40 men...[ May 9]captured two guerillas belonging to Sam James... [May 10] came back to town with 54 men and prisoners. Cap. Marriot goes on after the guerillas...[May 14] Official dispatch of Davis capture on the 10t at Irwinsville..." The small pocket diary has heavy wear, missing the spine; however all pages are intact.

    The grouping also includes a twelve page roster book listing the soldiers of company F, 30th Wisconsin Volunteers, kept by Sergeant Jack Wilson. No covers, but very clean. Special Orders No. 106, one page, 8" x 10", September 14, 1865, Louisville, Kentucky, appointing Sgt. Wilson and six others on special duty. Also, partly printed discharge for Jack Wilson, dated Stepmother 12, 1865, one page, 8" x 10". Lastly, a post-war diary kept by Jack Wilson for the year 1867. Fine.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    April, 2011
    8th-9th Friday-Saturday
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