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    Description

    Union General William D. Whipple Military Service Archive, dating from 1854 through 1865 and containing photographs, ledgers, letterpress books, and more. William Whipple (1826-1902) of Nelson, New York, graduated from West Point in 1851. Before the Civil War, he served on the frontier in New Mexico and Texas. He was at Indianola, Texas, when Texas Confederates captured the town (Whipple was arrested). During the Civil War he moved up the ranks to brigadier general of volunteers in 1863. After the war, he was appointed aide-de-camp to General-in-Chief of the Army William Sherman.

    This archive contains three photographs. One is a sixth-plate encased ambrotype featuring Whipple in uniform prior to the Civil War. The case bears moderate wear. A ninth-plate encased ambrotype features Whipple's wife, Caroline Whipple (clean with only moderate wear to the case). Additionally included is a cabinet card featuring the general in uniform.

    Two Civil War-dated documents are included. One is a telegraph date June 26, 1863, to Whipple expressing "no objection to your remaining as chief of staff with Genl. Dana if agreeable to yourself," signed by Major General Robert C. Schenck. The other is dated May 1865, when Whipple was brevetted a brigadier general. Included is his appointment signed by Secretary of War Edwin Stanton Military (Washington, May 13, 1865) appointing Whipple for "gallant and meritorious service in the Atlanta Campaign and in the battles of Nashville, Brigadier General, by Brevet" from December 16, 1865. Stanton's signature is large and bold.

    Six journal/ledgers are included. One contains written in ink on the cover, "Lieut. Whipple 3rd Infy. A.A.G. & A.A.C.S. Fort Defiance, N.M." This is dated October 31, 1859, and includes military lists, such as "Clothing Camp & Garrison Equipage" and "Quartermaster Stores." Loose binding and some pages. Whipple served in the defense of Fort Defiance against Indian attacks later in 1860. Another bound journal contains military letter drafts (8" x 12.75") dated from September 20, 1860 through April 29, 1861. Most letters were written from Texas (Fort Bliss, Fort Clark, and Indianola). As the Civil War began, Whipple was in Indianola, Texas. One journal letter dated April 29, 1861, is about the Star of the West, a steamship sent by the U.S. Government to pick up seven military companies at Indianola, Texas. Colonel Earl Van Dorn, however, captured the ship on April 18 near Matagorda Bay. The ship was later taken to New Orleans and used as a Confederate vessel. Whipple writes in this letter from Indianola, "After the seizure and taking away of the 'Star of the West' chartered the schooners Urbana and Horace to take the troops out of the country and having informed Majr. Libiley of the arrangement I went to La Vaca in the evening to endeavor to get a brig then lying there." Also on the 29th, Whipple wrote Earl Van Dorn, "C.S.A.," concerning his arrest by the rebels: "I have come to the conclusion to adhere to my first determination not to give any parole or promise not to bear arms &c. against the Confederate States of America. I do this from a conviction in my mind that situates as I was at this place in the execution of a peaceable officer conferring benefits upon the Inhabitants of this town your government had no right to arrest me as a prisoner of war - at least not until due notice had been given me to suspend my functions and get out of the way." Whipple continues by advising Van Dorn on the "custom of Civilized Nations." Most of the journal consists of empty pages. Also included is a leather-bound letterpress book (8.5" x 5") containing less than ten Civil War-dated letters (November 26, 1863, through October 5, 1864) from Whipple written from places such as the headquarters of the Department of the Cumberland in Tennessee. Another journal (8" x 9.5") contains monthly military summaries dated 1856 from Fillmore (ten pages). The cover has detached. Another leather-bound journal (3.5" x 6") contains sixty-two pages of penciled entries of an expedition up the Gila River with good content on the wildlife, "Aztec pueblos," and the environment. It includes a penciled sketch of an area along the expedition. Many pages have detached. Another leather-bound journal (4" x 6") begins in June 1854 and contains various entries, some for illness cures. It also contains accounts kept by Whipple as a second lieutenant at Fort Fillmore, New Mexico, as well as numerous "Remarks" about the environment at certain locations, such as the location of water and the quality of the grass. Most of the journal contains blank pages. The leather covers are well-worn.

    A nine-page draft of a letter to the president (n.p., n.d.) asks for an "appointment to the vacancy which will be thus created and herewith present reasons why such appointment should be given me." Also part of this archive is a small leather pouch (2.75" x 3.75") holding numerous calling cards, an 1895 train schedule, and more. Whipple's name is engraved on the leather cover, which is well-worn. In addition are numerous military letter drafts from Whipple, dated between December 1835 and January 1860. Whipple writes these letters to various people (generals and other officers, judges, and more) from Fort Fillmore, New Mexico, and Fort Defiance, New Mexico. Also included is Whipple's copy of the Narrative of the Surrender of a Command of U.S. Forces at Fort Fillmore, N.M., in July, A.D. 1861, by James Cooper McKee, printed in New York in January 1881 (30 pages); Whipple's excised signatures of Whipple and his wife; an engraving of the general; and numerous calling cards.


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    Auction Dates
    April, 2015
    9th Thursday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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