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    Ulysses S. Grant Autograph Letter Signed "U. S. Grant / Lt. Gen." One and one-quarter pages, 7.75" x 10", Washington, D.C., May 9, 1865, to U.S. Postmaster William Dennison. Some separation at folds. Toned with very minor stains.

    "Col. A. H. Markland, Special Agt. of the P.O. Dept., has followed the Armies under me, with their mails, from the breaking out of the rebellion to the present day. How well he has performed his duties I need not tell you. It has been performed more than satisfactorily to me. Now that he is about settling with the Govt. for his past services I beg to state that from my knowledge of the nature of his duties a less sum than Five dollars ($5.00) per day would not remunerate him for his extra expenses." Toned paper with some separations at the folds. Pin holes exist in the top left corner.

    Also included is a letter signed by First Assistant Postmaster General Alexander W. Randall notifying Colonel Markland that he "be allowed and paid the sum of $4.00 per day for your necessary travelling and incidental expenses while actually employed, from and after the first day of July 1865." The letter, on "Post Office Department, Appointment Office" letterhead, is dated May 17, 1865. Randall later served as postmaster general under President Andrew Johnson.

    Because of Markland's hard work and dedication, Grant requested through this letter that he receive compensation of $5 a day. While it is likely that the Post Office Department agreed with the general, according to Assistant Postmaster General Randall's letter, after July 1865, he would receive only $4 a day.


    More Information: Colonel Markland, a native of Kentucky, was a special agent of the Post Office Department on Grant's staff, as well as a personal friend to the general. The two had met in their early teens as classmates at Maysville Seminary in Kentucky. While Grant began a career in the U.S. military, Markland studied law and migrated to Washington, D.C., in 1849 and became a government official in the Office of Indian Affairs. During the presidential campaign of 1860, he supported Abraham Lincoln who, after his election, appointed Markland a special agent in the Post Office Department. His initial assignment was to investigate the loyalty of postmasters to the Union, but General Grant soon assigned him charge of mail delivery for his Army of the Tennessee. At Grant's urging, Markland transformed the slow, inefficient mail delivery to Grant's troops into a prompt, efficient service that consequently helped improve morale. Markland was given the honorary rank of colonel and served under Grant for most of the war, often carrying letters and messages between President Lincoln and generals.

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    Auction Dates
    April, 2011
    8th-9th Friday-Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 2
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