DescriptionUlysses S. Grant Autograph Document Signed with Photograph. 7.5" x 9.5" (sight), framed and matted along with portrait of Grant to measure an overall size of 18.25" x 14.5". Long Branch, N.J., July 23, 1867: "Maj. Gen G.H. Thomas... Go to Memphis in person and remain there until after election. Let it be felt that where the military is law must prevail and the guilty be punished. Do not wait for a riot to take place but use the military vigorously to prevent one commencing!". Signed "U.S. Grant", denoting his rank as General. At bottom, docketed as having been copied, in another hand; The document is a handwritten copy of a cipher telegram sent by Grant. Together with an engraving of Grant, sitting with arm resting on table.
After the Civil War, the states that had seceded were struggling under the harsh conditions of the Reconstruction Acts, with the exception of Tennessee, which had been readmitted to the United States in 1866. Regardless, Tennessee had seen its own strife, with a race riot that broke out soon after the First Reconstruction Act was passed by Congress in March 1867. The three-day event would be called "The Memphis Massacre"; Black citizens were targeted by whites, and aided by the local police, and nearly 50 people were killed. The election that Grant makes reference to was to take place on August 1st, in order to elect Tennessee's governor, and was significant because it was one of the first times that blacks were able to vote. Grant and others had been made aware of anticipated violence that would seek to suppress the black vote. In an attempt to prevent a repeat of the 1866 Massacre and to protect black voters, Grant made sure that a military guard was posted in Memphis to keep the peace. Thankfully, no incidents occurred and William G. Brownlow was re-elected.
Condition: Letter and photograph slightly toned. Letter has tape mark at top edge. Overall good.
Fees, Shipping, and Handling Description: Framed - with Glass, Small (view shipping information)
Sales Tax information | Terms and Conditions
Bidding Guidelines and Bid Increments
Glossary of Terms
Buyer's Premium per Lot:
25% on the first $250,000 (minimum $19), plus 20% of any amount between $250,000 and $2,500,000, plus 12% of any amount over $2,500,000 per lot.
Opens about 01/02/2018
- Past Auction Values (prices, photos, full descriptions, etc.)
- Bid online
- Free Collector newsletter
- Want List with instant e-mail notifications
- Reduced auction commissions when you resell your
- Cash Advances
- More Bidders
- Trusted Experts
- Over 200,000 Satisfied Consignors Since 1976
Learn about consigning with us
We had a wonderful time in New York during the October 2013 Historical Manuscripts auction that featured my mother’s papers collected during her tenure as Martin Luther King, Jr.’s secretary. In fact, the entire experience from beginning to end has been a pleasure.View More Testimonials
HA.com receives more traffic than any other auction house website. (Source: Similarweb.com)