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    Rutherford B. Hayes Document Signed "R B Hayes" as Governor of Ohio. One page of a bifolium, 7.75" x 9.75", Columbus, Ohio; January 1868. Printed document transmitting the resolution rescinding Ohio's ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment: "I have the honor to transmit herewith Joint Resolution 'Relating to withrawing [sic] the assent of the State of Ohio, from the proposed XIV Constitutional Amendment,' adopted by the General Assembly of Ohio, January 15, 1868." Holographic signature in black ink at the conclusion. It is not known how many copies of this transmittal were printed. The day of the month on the copy offered here is not engrossed, suggesting that it was not used. Nevertheless, it remains an important attestation of an historic moment in the struggle for civil rights. To date, the Fourteenth Amendment remains the most heavily litigated parts of the Constitution and has been the basis of landmark decisions on racial segregation, abortion, and same-sex marriage.

    The Fourteenth Amendment giving equal rights and equal protection of the laws to blacks after the Civil War was submitted to the states for approval in 1866. The Ohio Generally Assembly originally approved the amendment on January 11, 1867, but later voted to rescind the ratification on January 13, 1868. Hayes had campaigned for governor in 1867 in support of suffrage for black men in Ohio, and in general was a moderate Republican in his views on equal rights for blacks. Although Hayes won against a Democrat opponent who had campaigned on the promise of denying black men the vote, the majority Democrat state legislation was elected. Hayes had little power as governor, and since the Ohio governor has not veto power, had no say in Ohio's decision to adopt or rejecting the Fourteenth Amendment.

    It must also be noted that the Federal Government ignored Ohio's vote to rescind and counted its original approval towards the three-fourths votes needed for ratification. Ohio did not legally ratify the Fourteenth Amendment until September 2003.

    Condition: Flattened folds, lightly toned, small amount of mounting residue on verso. Otherwise very good.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    April, 2018
    18th Wednesday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 15
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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