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    James Monroe Signed War of 1812 Privateer Instructions Fine content partly-printed document signed, "Jas. Monroe," as Secretary of State, 3 pages, 8" x 13" [Washington], June 26, 1812, entitled, "INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE PRIVATE ARMED VESSELS OF THE UNITED STATES." Because the U.S. Navy was still in its infancy, more than dwarfed by the British Navy (the largest in the world at the time), America depended upon small private armed ships to harass British trade. This document sets out seventeen articles, specific rules and practices, to be undertaken by privateers when seizing enemy commerce during the War of 1812. It reads in part, " the strictest regard to the rights of neutral powers...avoid even the appearance of using force or seduction...[proceed toward enemies] with all the justice and humanity which characterize the nation of which you are members..." This document was specifically issued to Captain Enoch Bonklin of the schooner Antelope and is numbered 556. Signed in print by President James Madison on page opposite. Folds, otherwise in excellent condition. Monroe's signature is especially dark and bold. Matted with gold accents with a portrait of Monroe. From the collection of Bradley O'Leary. Accompanied by COA from PSA/DNA.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    April, 2005
    13th Wednesday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 20
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 466

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