Description

    James Monroe Letter Signed "Jas. Monroe" as secretary of state. Two pages with integral blank, Washington, November 26, 1814. In the years following the Revolutionary War, the young United States held claim to neutral shipping rights while at sea, which Great Britain and France constantly trampled. Fed up, President Thomas Jefferson, through his Democratic-Republicans in Congress, placed an embargo on American shipping intended halt the interference of the two European powers. Great Britain and France continued their activities, but American commerce dropped by ninety percent, banks closed, and sailors lost work, particularly in New England.

    After the failure of the embargo, the United States, spearheaded by the so-called Warhawks, a group of young Democratic-Republicans from the Western and Southern states, declared war on England. The Federalists openly opposed the war and, in 1814, held a secret meeting, the Hartford Convention, to discuss their objection with the current war and government, including the possibility of a separate peace with the British and that ever-present, nineteenth century American threat - secession.

    Monroe, as secretary of war, sent instructions to Colonel Thomas Jessup, commander of the 25th Regiment, United States Infantry, to observe the convention for any signs of possible treason. He writes, in part: "Having already communicated fully to you the nature of the duties which you will have to perform, I need add but little in this letter. You will proceed to Connecticut and assist in the recruiting of your regiment...It is understood that a considerable british force has sailed from Canada, for the east end of Long Island, where they mean to take port, and to watch the proceedings of a convention, which it is expected will be held at Hartford, from Massachusetts, Connecticut & Rhode Island, and to profit of any circumstance, that may occur favourable to Great Britain." He continues by telling Jessup he must pay "...particular attention [to] the conduct of the proposed convention, and of its members; endeavor to ascertain its views; whether they lead to connection with Great Britain, and severance of the union..." If treason is in their hearts, Monroe wants to know "...their means, and resources in arms and money, & what measures they propose to adopt to carry them into effect." If Jessup suspects "...an attempt will be made to take possession of the arms at Springfield..." he is to coordinate with Colonel Leavenworth "...the means of securing it."

    Monroe assures those New Englanders that remain loyal to the United States "...that their cause is approved, that their interest will be regarded, and that protection will be afforded them...You may assure them that the union will be cherished, and that in no event will the United States be suffered to be dismembered by the designs of the unprincipled traitors..."

    News of signing of the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the war, and of Gen. Andrew Jackson's victory at New Orleans arrived around the time the Hartford Convention concluded. Due to its secrecy and rumors that it was a secessionist convention, the reputation of the Federalist Party was irreparably damaged. Many called it treason. In the presidential election of 1816, the Federalists only won Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Delaware, losing the other 34 states to the Democratic-Republicans and James Monroe. It was their last presidential campaign. Shortly thereafter, the Federalist Party dissolved.

    Detached along the main vertical and horizontal folds. Expertly silked on the verso repairing the damage. Edges are lightly chipped in placed.


    Fees, Shipping, and Handling Description: Flat Material, Large (view shipping information)

    Sales Tax information  |  Terms and Conditions

    Bidding Guidelines and Bid Increments

    Glossary of Terms

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    April, 2013
    11th Thursday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 4
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 427

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    19.5% of the successful bid (minimum $14) per lot.

    Sold for: Sign-in or Join (free & quick)

    Heritage membership

    Join Now - It's Free

    VIEW BENEFITS
    1. Past Auction Values (prices, photos, full descriptions, etc.)
    2. Bid online
    3. Free Collector newsletter
    4. Want List with instant e-mail notifications
    5. Reduced auction commissions when you resell your
      winnings 
    Consign now
    • Cash Advances
    • More Bidders
    • Trusted Experts
    • Over 200,000 Satisfied Consignors Since 1976
    Consign to the 2018 May 12 Musical Instruments Signature Auction - Dallas.

    Learn about consigning with us

    The pre and post sales experience was wonderful and flawless. Heritage has the best in-house operation I have ever seen and their people are not only professional but fun to work with, especially Steve C.

    As for Heritage's online system… Yes the interface is more complex than what we are used to with SAN but what is behind that interface is amazing for sellers and buyers alike. It is real time and for a real serious auction buyer there is nothing better in the auction industry, bar none.
    Ron Cipolla,
    AZ
    View More Testimonials

    HA.com receives more traffic than any other auction house website. (Source: Similarweb.com)

    Video tutorial

    Getting the most out of search

    Recent auctions

    2017 October 21 The David and Janice Frent Collection of Presidential & Political Americana
    2017 October 21 The David and Janice Frent Collection of Presidential & Political Americana
    REALIZED SO FAR $910,788