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    James Madison Letter of Marque Signed. One partially printed page, 15.75" x 12.75", Washington, December 2, 1812, authorizing the "...private armed Schooner called the Parrot of the burthen of twenty eight & 25/95 tons, or thereabouts, owned by James Wyley Jr., James P. Stutson and Nataniel Springer...mounting two carriage guns, and navigated by twenty men..." to sail as a commissioned privateer to "...subdue, seize and take any armed or unarmed British vessel, public or private, which shall be found within the jurisdictional limits of the United States or elsewhere on the high seas, or within the waters of the British dominions..."Countersigned by James Monroe as secretary of state. Original paper seal of the United States at lower left. Folds are weakened and separating in places. Unevenly toned with chipping along the upper edge. Minor ink smudge in the middle. Signatures of both Madison and Monroe are bold and very bright.

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    During the War of 1812, the United States lacked a standing navy. To remedy this quickly, the government issued letters of marque and reprisal which authorized private ships to attack and seize British ships and their cargo.

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    Auction Dates
    April, 2013
    11th Thursday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 5
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