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    James Garfield Letter Signed as an Ohio member of the U.S. Congress. One lined page, 8" x 10", December 22, 1869, Washington, written to P. W. Cook of Glenville, Cuyahogo County, Ohio. This letter concerns the U.S. census of 1870, the ninth census. In part: "The bill for taking the Ninth Census, which passed the House recently provides that the next census is to be taken by the appointment of one superintendent for each Congressional district, who is authorized to employ a sufficient number of enumerators to do the work in a shorter time than has usually been required." The way the U.S. census has been conducted has changed drastically since the first census in 1790. In this letter, Garfield writes of a change to the 1870 census that would allow it to be done quicker; still, it took almost a decade for the results to be published. The process was finally mechanized for the 1890 census, which was completed and published in two and a half years. The 1870 census counted over thirty-nine million U.S. residents, an increase of 22 percent from the 1860 census. Garfield served as Ohio's representative in congress from 1863 until his election as the twentieth president in 1881. With some tape repairs on verso along fold separations. Fine.

    Also included is a memorial service program for the death of President Garfield on September 19, 1881 (one page, 6" x 9.25", "State Arsenal, Syracuse, On September 26 1881, at 2.30 P.M."). Garfield was shot on July 2, 1881, by Charles J. Guiteau, who was angry that he was not appointed U.S. consul in Paris. Less than a year later, in June 1882, Guiteau was hanged in Washington, D.C. With smoothed folds; toned and fine.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    October, 2009
    16th-17th Friday-Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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