DescriptionAbraham Lincoln Autograph Letter Signed "A. Lincoln." One page, 5" x 8", on Executive Mansion letterhead, Washington, September 24, 1862. Just one week after the Union victory at Antietam, President Lincoln writes to Major General Henry Halleck, the Federal army's general-in-chief, regarding the appointment of an officer, in full:
"Capt. Thadeus P. Mott of the 19th Infantry, is now at New York as a mustering officer. I remember seeing him once or twice last year, and hearing him always represented as a superior artillery officer. His friends wish him to have a battery; and I think the question is worth considering."
Thaddeus Phelps Mott (1831-1894) began his military career not in the United States, but as a soldier for hire in Italy, serving as a 2nd lieutenant under Giuseppe Garibaldi in the 1848 Italian revolution. He spent several years at sea as a sailor on several clippers before joining the Mexican Army under Ignacio Comonfort during the Reform War. With the outbreak of war in the U.S., Mott returned and enlisted in the Union Army as a captain. He led the 3rd Battery, New York Volunteer Artillery, "Mott's Battery," before being commissioned into the 19th New York Infantry. In early 1863, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel in the 14th New York Cavalry, helping to keep the peace in New York City during the draft riots. He resigned in 1864 and remained in New York until 1868, where he joined the Ottoman Army, being commissioned a major general in Cairo. The following year he recruited former American officers, both Union and Confederate, for service in the Egyptian Army.
One vertical fold through the "L" in Lincoln's signature with light staining at the lower edge. Mounting remnants on the verso.
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