President Lincoln, General Hooker, and General Sherman endorse the promotion of a soldierAbraham Lincoln Autograph Endorsement Signed "A. Lincoln" as president, with additional endorsements by Generals Joseph Hooker, George H. Thomas, and William T. Sherman. The endorsements follow a letter signed by Brigadier General Alpheus S. Williams (three pages, 7.75" x 9.75", "Headquarters Div. 20 A Corps near Chattahoochee River Geo[rgia]", July 15, 1864) to Secretary of War Edwin Stanton requesting the promotion of Colonel Ezra Ayers Carman. (Alpheus Starkey Williams, a divisional commander in the Army of the Cumberland, served under General William T. Sherman throughout the Atlanta Campaign.) The letter reads in part:
"I respectfully beg permission to place before the War Dept. the Services of Colonel E. A. Carman, Comg. 13th N.J. Vols. . . . He commanded his Regiment with marked gallantry & skill at Antietam & during that campaign subsequently marched with the Divn. to Stafford C.H. and was present in the Chancellorsville Campaign & the Gettysburg Campaign - on both occasions in command of his Regiment. . . . Previous to the breaking out of the Rebellion he had filled an important Professorship in a military Institute. To a superior education, civil & military, & a sound, discriminating judgment, Colonel Carman adds long & faithful service and an experience in the field that few officers of his rank have had. He has been exact & constant in the discharge of his Regimental & other military duties & I may be permitted respectfully to add has fairly & faithfully won claim to promotion. . . . A. S. Williams, Brig. Genl. Cavy. 1st Divn., 20th A Corps."
Joseph Hooker then endorses the following note added to another page: "Headquarters 20th Corps. Near Vinings Station, Geo [the northern outskirts of Atlanta]. July 16, 1864. Respectfully forwarded. I am familiar with the services of Col. Carman . . .and it affords me great pleasure to add my testimony to that of General Williams on his behalf. I know of but few officers in service, if any, who have superior claims to the favorable consideration f the authorities. In my opinion he has well earned promotion on many hard fought fields. Joseph Hooker. Major General Com'dg."
Below Hooker's endorsement, George Henry Thomas endorses a note reading, "Headquarters, Depmt. Cumberland near Vining's Station, Ga., July 16, 1864. Respectfully forwarded - approved. Geo. H. Thomas. Major Gen. Comdg." (The signature is slightly smeared.)
Next, General Sherman endorses ("Respectfully forwarded W. T. Sherman Maj Genl.") the short note reading, "Hd Qrts Mil Div of Miss, In the field Chattahoochee River July 17th 64."
Finally, President Lincoln writes, "Submitted to the Sec. of War. A. Lincoln. Aug. 11, 1864."
Colonel Carmen (1834-1909) was brevetted a brigadier general of volunteers on March 13, 1865, for meritorious and gallant service. He mustered out in June 1865 and served as Chief Clerk, U.S. Department of Agriculture from 1877 through 1885. This letter with endorsements has minor separation at two folds.
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