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    Theodore Roosevelt Retained Draft of a Typed Letter (Unsigned) with Holograph Edits in His Hand. Twelve pages, 8.5" x 10.5", Sagamore Hill, Oyster Bay, New York; November 9, 1911. Retained draft, unsigned, of a letter Roosevelt wrote to Sir George Trevelyan, Wallington, Cambo, England, in which the former president discusses intimate details of his foreign policy and personal interactions with foreign governments.

    Roosevelt's letter to Trevelyan is in response to the latter's letter of October 21, 1911 to Roosevelt in which he commented on the former president's long letter of October 1, 1911 concerning his account of his trip through Africa, Norway, Italy, France, Germany, and England. In his October 1 letter to Trevelyan, Roosevelt left out incidents of his visit to England. In this November 9 letter Roosevelt informed Trevelyan that he would send a copy of a letter he sent to a friend which includes comments of his visit to England. He then proceeded to offer Trevelyan additional details of his foreign policy and diplomatic efforts when he served as president, especially those related to his peace-keeping efforts associated with the Russo-Japanese War, for which he won the Nobel Peace Prize.

    "While President, I had three experiences with the Kaiser and one with the Japanese which I do not believe I told you about....First about the Japanese. I undertook to bring about the peace meeting between them and the Russians, at the written request of the Japanese Ambassador. I had of course for months been in communication with the governments on both sides because I had thought it likely that if both sides grew exhausted they might appeal to me as the man whose position would best enable him to be of service to them. The Japanese very anxious that I should act, and at time were very nervous lest I might put them in an awkward position by stating that they had requested me to act; and when they finally made the written request I was amused to find that they put it in the form of requesting me to interfere 'on your (my) own initiative.' After peace was included the Japanese Ambassador called upon me and asked permission to withdraw one of their notes that he had sent me. I told him that I could not permit this, and then said that I supposed that he meant the note asking me to bring about the meeting. He said Yes, and I told him that I would not give it up to him; but that I had put it in my private files, and had no intention of making it public. Certainly not for years to come, and probably never. He then asked me then what I would say about it if I made any communication to Congress. I told him that I did not intend to allude to the subject to Congress, or in any speech or communication to anyone or anywhere. He asked me what I would do if Congress demanded the papers, and I said that I should not give them...and that I would pay no heed to any request from Congress in the matter....A comic feature of the situation was that the German Emperor on the other hand did make a public allusion in his address or message to the Reichstag to the effect that he had rendered me assistance in bringing about peace!"

    The letter includes more of this kind of intimate details that Roosevelt conveyed to few people. Most pages have a few words added in Roosevelt's hand; pages 4, 7, and 11 have several lines of text added.

    Sir George Otto Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet (1838-1928) was a British statesman, author, historian, and long-time correspondent of Theodore Roosevelt's remembered for his biography of his uncle Lord Macaulay. Trevelyan was a Liberal Member of Parliament from 1865 and served in various governmental capacities until 1897, when he retired from politics. His Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay (1876) is regarded as one of the best biographies in English. His historical works include the Early History of Charles James Fox (1880) and six volumes on the American Revolution.

    An extraordinary letter in which Roosevelt provides his friend Trevelyan intimate details concerning his thoughts about leading foreign leaders of the period and his insights into important events of his presidency, as well as his sense of humor when conveying some of the behind-the-scenes activities associated with his encounters with foreign dignitaries. From the Estate of Malcolm S. Forbes.

    Condition: Some of the pages have carbon ghosting, and the top page has light soiling, foxing, as well as a few tiny tears at top right. The pages were previously clipped with a metal fastener, leaving an indentation at top left corner of all the pages, as well as traces of rust on the first and last page.


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    11th Thursday
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