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    Susquehanna Company Manuscript: "Votes of the Susquehanna Company regulating the laying out and settlement of their lands." Sixteen pages, 12" x 7.5". Founded in 1753, the Connecticut-based Susquehanna Company was organized for the development of land for the establishment of a colony in Pennsylvania's Wyoming Valley. The land in question, secured by a charter issued by King Charles II in 1662, was formally purchased from the native Iroquois for £2,000. In 1763, Eliphalet Dyer headed for England to secure the title to the land, but the venture was a failure. Settlement of the valley from Connecticut proceeded nonetheless and by 1769 tension between the Pennsylvanians of the valley (who already claimed the land through an additional charter from Charles II and had also purchased the land from the Indians) and the incoming Connecticut settlers erupted into open conflict. The subsequent Pennamite-Yankee Wars, which lasted until 1799 and was only suspended during the Revolutionary War, resulted in many casualties and destruction of property. The conflict ended when the land became part of Pennsylvania and all settlers from Connecticut becoming Pennsylvanians with legal title to their lands.

    The document reads, in part: "Whereas at a meeting of the Susquehanna Company held at Hartford on the 18th day of May 1763 said Company were advised that his majesty in his royal pleasure had been pleased to inhibit all entries and settlements upon the lands claimed by said company, purchased of the Six Nations of Indians laying on the river Susquehanna, until the state of the case should be laid before his Majesty, and such precautions taken as might obviate any fresh troubles with the Indians and whereas said Company at said meeting in pursuance of his Majesty's orders did then vote that no person or persons belonging to said Company should enter upon or make any settlement on those lands accordingly: and whereas since that time the state of their cause respecting those lands, have been laid before his Majesty in Council and in pursuance of his Majesty's orders such precautions have been taken in settling the line with the Indians and paying and satisfying them for all the lands lying East of said line settled as aforesaid as fully to obviate any fresh troubles with the Indians on account of any claim or settlement of the English within the aforesaid line, thereupon it is now . . . And in order that proper persons and such as may appear to be most subservient to the benefit of said Company may be orderly introduced as first settlers on said lands, voted that a committee be appointed in each county in this colony as also some meet in person or persons in the neighbouring colonies, to admit and approve such persons who may offer themselves for the first settlers according to the foregoing . . . At a meeting of the Susquehanna Company legally warned and held at Hartford June 6, 1770. Major Elizer Talcut Moderator and Samuel Gray Clerk voted that the five townships of land grants by the Company for the encouragement of the first two hundred & forty settlers shall be laid out according to Mr. David Meads survey last fall. And as our Paxton friends, that have come to settle with us have agreed to take the township called Naticook township we now grant the same to them . . . that a township of six miles square be laid out as a place called Lakawanna or South of said Nanticook township, adjoining thereto in lieu of said Nanticook township for the fifty settlers which the said Nanticook township would have belonged . . . . Voted that there be at present but one trading house set up in our purchase on Susquehanna river for trading with and accommodating the Indians with such necessaries as they from time to time shall want and that those persons that shall trade and deal with the Indians shall be under the direction and control of Maj. Durkee, Capt. Butler and Doct. Tim Hopkins who are hereby authorized to take care of and oversee the trade & deal with the said Indians & see that Justice is at all times done to them . . . At a meeting of the Susquehanna Company held at Hartford by adjournment on the 2nd day of June 1773. Voted that Maj. John Durkee Capt. Zebulon Butler, Obediah Gore Junr. And Nathan Dennison or the major part of them shall be present at Susquehanna, shall be a praetors as shall apply for the same according to the votes of this company shall satisfy the Committee now appointed that they are proprietors and shall pay all taxes due on said rights."

    A separate, detached page in the back contains additional records up to 1780, in part: "This may certify that Sagt. John Byron of the 5th Connecticut Reg't Land John Oakley, John Halerand, Benj. Both of the 3rd Connecticut Reg't and now of the detachment under my command at this past were of the Connecticut line of Continental troops before the first day of January last. Certify to me. Zeb'n Butler, Col." Butler served as a 3rd lieutenant colonel in the Continental Army in command of the garrison at Forty Fort, Pennsylvania. He suffered defeat at the hands of a combined force of loyalists and Iroquois at the Battle of Wyoming [July 3, 1778].

    Bound with string, the first page is detached. Lightly stained and toned throughout. With "Tercentenery Commision of the State of Connecticut Committee on Historical Publications of The Susquehanna Company Connecticut's Experiment in Expansion," forty-eight pages, published in 1935, providing a more in depth history of the entire affair.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    November, 2013
    24th Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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