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    Timothy Pickering Autograph Letter Signed. One page, 8" x 10", Philadelphia; April 26, 1797. Composed while Pickering was serving as Secretary of State, the letter is addressed to John Jay, who was serving as Governor of New York. The letter discusses Napoleon's defeat over Austria's General Alvinzi at the Battle of Rivoli, the French Directory's subsequent orders to General Charles Pickney to vacate French territories, and James Monroe's meeting with him. The French Directory had refused to meet with Pickney only five months before, thus putting into motion a series of events that would culminate in the XYZ Affair and the Quasi War in 1798. It reads in part: " I duly received your letter covering Greenleaf's newspaper, and in consequence have made the publication which you will see in the inclosed Gazette of the United States. Nothing seemed necessary to be authenticated by an official signature, but what the Register of the Treasury has certified...The day after the accounts of Bhonaparte's last victory over Alvinzy reached Paris (say Jany. 26) Genl. Pinckney received the Directory's orders to leave the Territories of France. On the 5 th of February he left Paris, and arrived at Amsterdam the 17 th . He will remain there till he receives information from our government. Mr. Monroe had in January made a journey to Holland – for what purpose is not intimated. Genl Pickney met him, returning to Paris...Monroe told him he intended to imbark in about 3 weeks at Havre or Boudreaux for America, & if possible land in New Hampshire, as he had never seen the Eastern States." Written vertically along the left margin, " The inclosed information from Holland is authentic." Signed, " Timothy Pickering."

    The letter may be referring to James Greenleaf (1765-1843), an early American land speculator who formed the ill-fated North American Land Company with Robert Morris and John Nicholson.

    Condition: Flattened folds and toning. Small chip on right margin. Three minor areas of paper attachment indicating prior mounting on verso along with two small areas of red wax remnants.

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