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    Seneca Nation Document Signed by Eleven Chiefs Including Red Jacket, Corn Planter, Black Snake, Capt Billy, and Young King. Manuscript Document Signed, one page, 8" x 12.75", Buffalo, June 9, 1827. During the American Revolution, the Seneca sided with the British, with disastrous consequences. The treaties at Fort Stanwix in 1784 and Canandaigua ten years later, reduced their territory to a small group of reservations in a remote western area of New York. For this concession, the tribes received an annuity to assist in their transition to an agricultural existence.

    This document is a receipt for a payment of this annuity. In part: "We the Chiefs and Warriors of the Seneca Nation of Indians do acknowledge to have received of Jasper Parrish the sum of Five Hundred Dollars, in full for the Annuity due us for the present year, agreeable to a certain writing or agreement made at a Treaty held at Buffalo in the State of New York by Daniel D. Tompkins Governor of said State on the 13th day of September 1815..." Below, each recipient has signed with their mark "x". Light soiling, a few minor corner creases and tears, else fine condition.

    Red Jacket nominally led the "Pagan Party" and openly opposed the efforts of Christian missionaries believing that their influence further weakened an already vulnerable culture. Chief Young King was one of the more powerful chiefs in the Christian faction among the Seneca at this time. Friction between the two parties grew as pressure mounted from white settlers trying to purchase more land. Indeed Jasper Parrish, the Indian agent named in the document, was also in the employ of the Ogden Land Company which had been trying to purchase many of the remaining Seneca tracts. Young King and his followers favored the sale, while Red Jacket opposed it. The Christian faction ultimately deposed Red Jacket as a Seneca chief in 1827 but later reinstated him when he offered to reconcile. He died three years later, after his own family had converted to Christianity.

    Jasper Parrish (c. 1767 -1836) was captured by Monsie Indians at age 11 and held in captivity. He was soon traded to the Delaware and later to the Mohawk. He spent four years with the Mohawk becoming conversant in both their language and culture before being released in 1784. Owing to his specialized knowledge, Parrish was employed by Timothy Pickering in 1790 to act as a translator during negotiations between the United States and the Six Nations. Two years later Parrish became an official translator and he interpreted the negotiations resulting in the Treaty of Canandaigua. In 1803, Parrish became both sub-agent and Interpreter for the U.S. with the Six Nations, a position he held until his death in 1836.

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    Auction Dates
    April, 2011
    8th-9th Friday-Saturday
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