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    Description

    Samuel Adams Massachusetts Election Document Signed as the governor. One page, 9.25" x 15.25", Boston, February 23, 1795, partly-printed, "To the Selectmen of the Town of Gloucester in the Fourth Middle District." Adams' signature ("Saml. Adams") is in the left margin below the large paper seal.

    This document directs the Gloucester citizens to vote for their U.S. representative to the Fourth U.S. Congress which would meet in Philadelphia from March 1795 through March 1797. In part: "These are in the name of the Commonwealth, to will and require you, in manner as the Law directs, for calling Town-Meetings, to cause the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Gloucester duly qualified to vote for Representatives to the General Court of this Commonwealth, to assemble on Monday, the Twenty-Third day of March next, to give in their votes for a Representative, that is an Inhabitant of the said District to represent them in the Congress of the United States of America, to the Selectmen who shall preside at said Meeting."Countersignature twice by Secretary John Avery Jr.

    The document continues by reporting the election's results for the ten candidates, along with the votes each received. Theophilus Bradbury won the election with 417 votes and served until his resignation in July 1797, when he began his appointment as a justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Bailey Bartlett, who came in second place with 304 votes, was elected following Bradbury's resignation. Bartlett took his seat in the 5th U.S. Congress. Both men were members of the Federalist Party. Following Bartlett's election 1797, he wrote and signed a message of gratitude in the lower margin of this document.

    Samuel Adams, the cousin of John Adams, was a major force in moving the American colonies toward rebellion against Britain. He was elected to the Continental Congress and was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, yet he refused to attend the Constitutional Convention. He later served as governor of Massachusetts from 1793 until 1797. This very early U.S. Congressional election document bears docketing on the verso, with some soiling and stains also on the verso. Weakness to the folds, though only minor separation.


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