Houston approves payment of "transportation of goods per Indian treaty"Sam Houston Manuscript Document Signed "approved/Sam Houston" as President of the Republic of Texas, one page, 8" x 6.5". Washington, [Texas], June 10, 1844. To J. H. Raymond, Esq., Acting Treasurer. John T. Whitesides' April 10, 1844 bill for $8.00 for "transportation of Goods per Indian treaty from Washington..." The invoice was examined and found correct by "Thomas G. Watson/Sup[erintenden]t. Ind[ia]n Aff[air]s." After President Houston approved the payment, the following was added in manuscript between "approved" and his signature: "to be paid out of app[ortio]n for/Indian purposes in your hands to my credit."
Thomas G. Western (1792-1847), a prominent Mason, was Texas Superintendent of Indian affairs from 1841 until annexation in 1845. In 1837, he had delivered the eulogy at the burial of the remains of the defenders of the Alamo. After statehood, Western was a Texas Ranger, Indian interpreter, and Spanish translator. The September 29, 1843 treaty between the Republic of Texas and nine Indian tribes, the Delawares, Chickasaws, Wacos, Tawakonis, Kichais, Anadarkos, Hainais, Biloxis, and Cherokees, was ratified by the Texas Senate on January 31, 1844, and signed by Houston on February 3, 1844. One of its articles provided that "the President will... make to them every year such presents as the Government of Texas may provide." This document states that the goods transported are "per Indian treaty from Washington," the capital of the Republic of Texas. On verso is a Manuscript Receipt Signed "Jno. T. Whitesides." In full, "Received Oct 19 1844 of J D [sic] Raymond Actg Treasurer The sum of Eight dollars in Exchequer Bills the amt of the within order." John T. Whitesides was probably related to Boland, Henry, James W., and William B. Whitesides who were four of Stephen F. Austin' s Old Three Hundred. Also docketed and signed on verso by James H. Raymond (1817-1897): "Genl Houston/order 8$/J T Whitesides/Oct 19 - 1844/Indian Fund/JHR." Raymond was appointed Treasurer of Texas in 1844 and, the following year, he was secretary of the committee that framed the State Constitution. Uneven lower edge. Light show-through. Overall, in fine condition with slight dampstaining affecting a portion of Houston's paraph. A similar manuscript approving a payment of $10.00 made to Stephen T. Slater "as bearer of express from Tah-woc-cano Creek to the President" sold for $13,145.00 in our December 2007 Texana auction.
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