DescriptionSam Houston Autograph Endorsement Signed. Two pages, 7.75" x 12.5", Houston, May 10, 1838. Houston has written on the verso of a fair copy of an account sheet for Cherokee interpreter, Capt. James Rogers: "Let this be audited/Sam Houston/10th May 1838." The goods listed on the front come to a grand total of $200 and include items such as: "1 pr suspenders...1 stock...8 yd Green satin $3.00...8 yd Pink satin 3.00...saddle, Bridle & Martingals [martingales]...Cash."
There are conflicting accounts as to who James Rogers was. Some sources indicate that he was a lower chief of the Western Cherokee people, while others claim he was simply an interpreter. It is highly likely that the above mentioned James Rogers was the half-Cherokee son of Captain "Hellfire" John Rogers, nephew to Chief John Jolly and thus a cousin of Jolly's adopted son, Sam Houston. If this is the case, Rogers was also a brother-in-law of Houston's for a time, when Houston was married to Rogers' half-sister, Tiana Rogers. James Rogers took part in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814, where Houston was wounded numerous times and, at Houston's recommendation, went to Washington as part of a delegation that included John Ross, Sequoyah, James' brother, John, and others.
Below the account sheet, Indian Agent Jefferson Wright has certified (also a fair copy) "...on Honor that I have seen the artacles [sic] named in the accompaning [sic] bill amounting to the sum of Tow [sic] Hundred Dollars delivered to James Rogers as Interprter [sic] of the Chiefs of the Cherokee Indians." Thomas Jefferson Wright (1798-1846), known as Jefferson Wright, was a portrait painter by trade. He painted a portrait of Sam Houston and the two became friends. Due to his friendship with Sam Houston he received additional commissions to paint other prominent Texans such as Deaf Smith, Juan Seguin, et al. He only served as an Indian agent for a short time and took part in the Somervell Expedition.
The document is toned overall with several areas of ink burn, causing some minor loss of text. Ink bleed-through from the verso; remnant of wax seal at upper left. Light waterstain at upper left corner. Chipped edges, some of which have been archivally repaired. Houston's note and signature are bold and bright.
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