Description

    Pennsylvania's First Governor Thomas Mifflin Signed Documents. (1) Partly printed Document Signed: "Tho Mifflin" as Governor of Pennsylvania, one page, 21" x 11.25". Pennsylvania, December 1, 1795. Signed at upper left below paper seal affixed with red wax. Countersigned: "James Trimble" as Deputy Secretary. On verso, Manuscript DS: "Mathw Irwin/M.A.", attesting to the fact that this land grant was entered in the Rolls Office. On vellum. Folds. Grant of 428.5 acres of land in Fayette County called "Long Hain" to Thomas Johnson, Jr. (2) Partly printed Document Signed: "Tho Mifflin" as Governor of Pennsylvania, one page, 21" x 11.25". Pennsylvania, October 10, 1796. Grant of 400.75 acres of land in Luzerne County called "Green Meadow" to Henry Drinker. Signed at upper left below paper seal affixed with red wax. Countersigned: "James Trimble" as Deputy Secretary. On verso, Manuscript DS: "Mathw Irwin/M.A.", attesting to the fact that this land grant was entered in the Rolls Office. On vellum. Folds. (3) Partly printed Document Signed: "Tho Mifflin" as Governor of Pennsylvania, one page, 20.5" x 11". Pennsylvania, November 1, 1796. Signed at upper left below paper seal affixed with red wax. Countersigned: "James Trimble" as Deputy Secretary. On verso, Manuscript DS: "Mathw Irwin/M.A.", attesting to the fact that this land grant was entered in the Rolls Office. On vellum. Folds. Grant of 400 acres of land in Westmoreland County called "Cashel" to John Nicholson. This was most probably the partner of Signer of the Declaration of Independence Robert Morris in the North American Land Company which claimed to own six million acres of land in Pennsylvania, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Kentucky. Morris and Nicholson had speculated heavily in land together, but when the bottom fell out of their North American Land Company venture, Morris was left penniless and was sent to debtors' prison from 1798-1802. Nicholson was also involved in the formation of the Pennsylvania Population Land Company and the Pennsylvania Land Company. Early in the winter of 1799-1800, Nicholson was imprisoned for debt and died in prison on December 5, 1800, leaving a wife, eight children, and more than $4 million in debts.

    Thomas Mifflin served as Pennsylvania's first Governor from 1790-1799. He had been a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1774-1776 and 1782-1784, serving as its President from November 3, 1783 until the election of Richard Henry Lee on November 30, 1784. By organizing and drilling a regiment shortly after the news of the battle of Lexington, Mifflin severed his Quaker ties but was rewarded with an appointment as the first Aide-de-Camp to General Washington in 1775. His brigade was noted as one of the most disciplined in the army and Mifflin rose to Major General. In 1787, as a Pennsylvania delegate, he was one of the Signers of the U.S. Constitution.

    Irish-born Mathew Irwin, a successful importer in Philadelphia, was Master of Rolls of Pennsylvania from 1790 until his death in 1800. He had entered the Continental Army as a Captain and Quartermaster in the Pennsylvania line. In 1777, when the army at Valley Forge was destitute of clothing and provisions, Irwin was one of 60 Philadelphia citizens who provided funds for its temporary support, donating £5,000 of his personal fortune. From the Henry E. Luhrs Collection.


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    Auction Dates
    October, 2006
    12th-13th Thursday-Friday
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