DescriptionJoseph Hewes Document Signed. "Joseph Hewes". One page, 7" x 12.25", March 6, 1775. A legal filing written in the hand of Thomas Jones and signed by him, Walter Ferguson, Joseph Hewes, Robert Smith, Andrew Little, and Charles Bondfield. In part: "Know all men by their presents, that Mr. Walter Ferguson, Joseph Hewes, Robert Smith, Andrew Little & Charles Bondfield, all of Edenton in the Provence ...are held and firmly bound unto Josiah Martin Esq. Governor Captain General & Commanding Chief ...in the full and just sum of ten thousand pounds Proclamation Money; to be paid to the said Governor his successors or assigns: to the which payment well and truly be made, we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors, and administrators, jointly and severally, firmly, by these Presents. Sealed with our seals and dated this 6th Day of March Anno Dom. 1775."
Condition: Paper has minimal creases due to folding. All handwriting is bold. A few ink blotches on the reverse where address is written.
Joseph Hewes (1730-1799), a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born in Princeton, New Jersey. After graduating from Princeton University, he became an apprentice of a merchant and later became a very successful merchant in his own right. Hewes moved to North Carolina at the age of 30 and was elected to that colony's legislature in 1763. After being re-elected numerous times in the legislature, Hewes was chosen as one of North Carolina's representatives to the Continental Congress. At the start of the American Revolution, Hewes, a successful ship owner, put his entire fleet at the disposal of the Continental Navy. As secretary of the Naval Affairs Committee of the Continental Congress, he was, in effect, America's first secretary of the Navy. A member of the Continental Congress (1774-1776) and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, Hewes accepted reelection to Congress in 1779 despite health problems, but failed to retain his seat and died a few months later.
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