DescriptionHugh Williamson Document Signed. One page, 8" x 12.75", [n. p.], [n. d.]. Williamson, a key participant at the U.S. Constitutional Convention at Philadelphia during the summer of 1787, signs this important document concerning proportional representation in the U.S. House of Representatives. Text in the top margin reads in full:
"According to the best information that has been laid before Congress concerning the population of the several States there should be 75 members in the first house on the supposition that each State should be allowed one member for every 35,000 Inhabitants."
Below the text is a table in which Williamson lays out a detailed calculus for apportioning representatives to the first Congress of the United States on the basis of population. The names of the thirteen states are written in the left column. Other columns include estimates of each state's population and the number of representatives each should be due. An identical list is found today in Article 1, Section 2, of the U.S. Constitution.
Williamson, a North Carolina delegate to the Constitutional Convention, proposed basic features of governmental structure that still characterize the American system. Though this document is not dated, its subject was debated at the convention throughout the summer of 1787, with Williamson playing an influential role. In these debates Williamson is remembered as a fierce opponent of early proposals to grant equal representation to each state, regardless of population and for his advocacy of the three-fifths compromise, by which each slave was counted as 60% of a free American for representational purposes. Williamson also proposed the six-year term for a senator that remains in effect. As a revolutionary patriot, Williamson had pressed the American cause in Great Britain before hostilities broke out and served as a military physician during the war, sometimes passing into enemy territory to tend American prisoners. This document is affixed along the lower edge to a paperboard backing for an overall size of 8.5" x 13". Chipping occurs along the left margin.
Fees, Shipping, and Handling Description: Flat Material, Small (view shipping information)
Sales Tax information | Terms and Conditions
Bidding Guidelines and Bid Increments
Glossary of Terms
Buyer's Premium per Lot:
25% on the first $100,000 (minimum $14), plus 20% of any amount between $100,000 and $1,000,000, plus 12% of any amount over $1,000,000 per lot.
Opens about 01/02/2018
- Past Auction Values (prices, photos, full descriptions, etc.)
- Bid online
- Free Collector newsletter
- Want List with instant e-mail notifications
- Reduced auction commissions when you resell your
- Cash Advances
- More Bidders
- Trusted Experts
- Over 200,000 Satisfied Consignors Since 1976
Learn about consigning with us
The department director has the heart of a true and highly knowledgeable collector with the business acumen of someone who has been not only successful but has decades of an impeccable track recordView More Testimonials
HA.com receives more traffic than any other auction house website. (Source: Similarweb.com)