Description

    The resolution of gratitude sent in 1845 by Texas to John Tyler and his last cabinet "who with a noble enthusiasm espoused the cause of annexation"

    Historic Thomas J. Rusk Manuscript Letter and Document Signed "Tho J Rusk" as President of the Convention, each one page, 9" x 11". Convention Hall, Austin, July 8, 1845.

    (1) To "Honorable/John Y. Mason/Late Secretary of Navy of United States." In full, "It affords me great pleasure to transmit to you the enclosed copy of a Resolution unanimously adopted by the Convention of the People of Texas, now in session. The stand taken by President Tyler and his Cabinet upon this question, has brought it to a speedy termination secured to him and to each member of his cabinet, the lasting gratitude of the people of Texas, and will entitle them to occupy a bright page in the history of a transaction, vitally effecting the interests of the two countries, as well as the great cause of Republican Government. I have the honor to be with the highest respect Your obedient servant."

    (2) Headed "Resolution/Expressive of the gratitude of this Convention/to Ex-President Tyler and his Cabinet." In full, "Resolved, That the early & resolute stand taken by John Tyler whilst he was President of the United States to restore Texas to the bosom of the Republican family has secured to him the gratitude and veneration of the people of Texas. Resolved, That the sentiments are due to the assistance afforded Mr. Tyler by the able members of his cabinet who with a noble enthusiasm espoused the cause of annexation as a national question, and cooperated faithfully in securing its consummation by the passage of the law which has enabled the people of Texas to become a portion of the Union. Resolved, That the President of this Convention be directed to furnish a certified copy of these Resolutions to Mr Tyler, and to each of the members of his Cabinet, the Hon. John C. Calhoun, George M. Bibb, Wm. Wilkins, John Y. Mason, John Nelson, Chas. A. Wickliffe, and to the families of A.P. Upshur & George [sic, Thomas] W. Gilmer deceased. Adopted, at Austin, Texas, July 8th 1845." At the lower left: "Attest/Jas. H. Raymond/Secy of the Convention. " Tyler's Secretary of State Abel P. Upshur was working on the treaty of annexation at the time of his death. He was succeeded by John C. Calhoun. Secretary of the Navy Thomas W. Gilmer was also a strong supporter of annexation at the time of his death. He was succeeded by John Y. Mason. Upshur and Gilmer were killed on February 28, 1844, when a gun exploded on the USS Princeton during a demonstration for dignitaries on the Potomac River.

    On March 1, 1845, three days before the inauguration of President Polk, President John Tyler approved H.R. No. 46 "A joint resolution for annexing Texas to the United States" beginning "Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Congress doth consent that the territory rightfully included within the limits of Texas be erected into a new State, to be called the State of Texas, with a republican form of government, to be adopted by the people of Texas, with the consent of the existing government..." On May 5, 1845, Republic of Texas President Anson Jones called "for the assembling of Delegates in convention, for the purpose of forming a State Constitution for the State of Texas, preparatory to her admission as one of the United States of America." It convened in Austin on July 4, 1845; Thomas J. Rusk and James H. Raymond were elected President and Secretary, respectively. On that day, the delegates adopted an ordinance assenting to H.R. 46. On July 8, 1845, the resolution of gratitude to ex-President Tyler and his cabinet was introduced by delegate J. Pinckney Henderson of San Augustine and was unanimously adopted, resulting in the writing of the letter and document here offered. On August 28, 1845, the Constitution of the State of Texas was adopted, copies were ordered to be sent to the Presidents of the United States and the Republic of Texas, and the convention adjourned.
    As resolved at the Convention, nine copies of the resolution of gratitude were written and signed by Rusk and Raymond. A copy was sent to ex-President John Tyler, six members of his cabinet, and the families of the two deceased cabinet members killed in 1844, each with a cover letter signed by Rusk. Offered here is the Resolution and cover letter sent to John Y. Mason, Tyler's Secretary of the Navy from March 26, 1844 until March 3, 1845. Each is in extra fine condition and would be the cornerstone of any Texas collection.


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