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    Early Pennsylvania Autograph Document Signed "WM" by William Markham, one page with blank secondary leaf, 8.25" x 13", "Pennsylvania", October 1, 1692. It reads, "Whereas the Governor Assistants and Councell hath taken into Consideration the Danger this Province is now in of Invasion Did Think Requisite to order that all possible Care & Speed be Taken for ye prevention Thereof in order There unto I thought fitt to Issue out This my Proclamation: willing & requiring all Male persons with in this province as Expressed by his Majst's Costes pattents to Wm Penn Esqr That is from Twelve Miles distance upwards of New Castle Towne to ye Three & fortieth Degree of Northern Latted &c: That all persons as aforesaid from Sixteen yeares of age and upwards and under ye age of Sixty: be ready at an Hours warning with armes and ammunition fitt for a Defence and to repare to Such place or places of rendezvous as shall be directed by me or my order Given under my Hand as Explain'd".

    William Markham (1635 - 1704) was acting Governor of Pennsylvania when he issued this defensive proclamation on behalf of William Penn's fledgling province. Pennsylvania was ripe for Indian incursions during the late 17th century and this document represents an early call for a citizens' militia. Stains and foxing, small splits along spine, old collector's notations penciled along lower margin. Fair condition. Ex. Henry E. Luhrs Collection.

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    Auction Dates
    February, 2008
    21st-22nd Thursday-Friday
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