DescriptionCarroll Family Slave Documents (3). Two of these documents concern Charles Carroll of Bellevue (1767-1823), the cousin of Charles Carroll of Carrollton (signer of the Declaration of Independence) and friend to James Madison. He also assisted Dolley Madison in evacuating the White House in August 1814, just before the British attack. Though most of the Carroll family opposed the principle of slavery, many still owned slaves. Three of the family's slave documents are included here.
(1) Charles Carroll of Bellevue one-page unsigned manuscript dated November 13, 1815, certifying that he had brought five slaves-David, Mary, Milly, Sarah, and Nan-to New York when he moved earlier from Maryland.
(2) Mrs. Belt's will, unsigned and dated February 25, 1816, with gifts for two slaves. Addressing this will to her sister Hannah Sprigg, the sister-in-law of Charles Carroll of Bellevue, Mrs. Belt bequeaths "six table spoons to my nephew Henry Carroll. . . . [and] fifty pounds in the Hands of my Husband to provide for my servant Nell in case she should outlive him. . . . It is my will that my servant Fanny be free, either after her masters death or sooner, just as he pleases. And it is my request that Mr. Belt will give her twenty dollars in my name." Henry Carroll (1792-1820), eldest son of Charles Carroll of Bellevue, served as Henry Clay's personal assistant. He delivered the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812, to president Madison after it was signed by American and British commissioners. Minor damage resulting from the original opening of the seal.
(3) Philip Schuyler Church and Charles Carroll of Bellevue one-page document signed granting Charles H. Carroll the power of attorney, which includes the power to "hire out my Negro Servants David, Nanny, Milly, Sally, and Ignatius Hawkins . . . provided that he in no case hire or sell them out of the State of New York." Docketed, "Power of Attorney to dispose of the Personal property of C. Carroll of B. Vue, October 21st 1819." Philip Schuyler Church was the grandson of General Philip Schuyler and the nephew of Alexander Hamilton. Charles H. Carroll (1794-1865), a New York planter and Whig politician, was the son of Charles Carroll of Bellevue.
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