Arthur Middleton discusses the admission of Vermont into the Union

    Arthur Middleton (1742-1787) Signer of the Declaration of Independence, rare Autograph Letter Signed "A.M." one page, 8" x 11", Philadelphia, January 26, 1782 on a variety of subjects, and in particular, his doubts on the admission of Vermont into the United States. He writes:

    "I hear you left Stanton yesterday & proceeded on you Journey Southward -- I hear you will have had many a disagreeable hour before you receive this -- I find the regulation last made with regard to Promotions goes farther than I imagin'd when I mentioned it to you -- It dissolves the classing of States by districts, which was injurious to some of those who were linked together like the living and the dead in the Past -- The Two parts were combined that the one might carry through the other, tho' the whole [illeg.] was intended merely to clear the way for a favourite promotion; it has not been since pushed but we expect it daily -- V[ermont] is still sub judice several attempts have been made to carry the point of admission to the Union - but a few are obdurate; she will probably at least be kept out for a Time if not for ever & punish'd in the law for her Iniquities -- I enclose all the Newspapers which you neglected to send for -- if upon your arrival you should find any ground, or any thing else to which I have a Claim, that can be of service to you, I hope beg you will make the same use of it as it were your own -- remember me to Sally & Harriet & the little ones..."

    The issue of Vermont was a complex problem facing Congress. The region had been in dispute between New York and New Hampshire who had both claimed it as their own. Conflicting land grants by both colonies nearly led to a civil war. In 1777 representatives of the New Hampshire settlers convened in Westminster and declared independence of the Vermont Republic and soon passed a liberal constitution allowing for universal manhood suffrage, abolition of slavery, and support of public schools. It's admission to the United States as a state was blocked throughout the confederation period by New York and New Hampshire -- Vermont continued operating as a sovereign entity until 1791. Its admission to the union was finally allowed as a regional counterbalance to the admission of Kentucky that joined the Union soon afterwards. A great document from the formative period in the early days of the Republic. Professionally silked and laid down to a larger sheet with left edge repairs, the text is largely unaffected. Excellent appearance. From the Henry E. Luhrs Collection. Accompanied by LOA from PSA/DNA.

    Fees, Shipping, and Handling Description: Small Flat (view shipping information)

    Sales Tax information  |  Terms and Conditions

    Bidding Guidelines and Bid Increments

    Glossary of Terms

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    February, 2006
    20th-21st Monday-Tuesday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 4
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 767

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    19.5% of the successful bid (minimum $9) per lot.

    Sold for: Sign-in or Join (free & quick)

    Heritage membership

    Join Now - It's Free

    1. Past Auction Values (prices, photos, full descriptions, etc.)
    2. Bid online
    3. Free Collector newsletter
    4. Want List with instant e-mail notifications
    5. Reduced auction commissions when you resell your
    Consign now
    • Cash Advances
    • More Bidders
    • Trusted Experts
    • Over 200,000 Satisfied Consignors Since 1976
    Consign to the 2020 October 27 Domain Names Signature Auction - Dallas.

    Learn about consigning with us

    You reach a customer base that is in many ways completely unknown to the major auction houses, and your marketing to this base is as professional as one could hope for. As I continue to wind down my holdings.
    Michael Z.,
    Hawthorne, NY
    View More Testimonials receives more traffic than any other auction house website. (Source:

    Video tutorial

    Getting the most out of search

    Recent auctions

    2017 December 10 Arms & Armor, Civil War & Militaria Signature Auction - Dallas
    2017 December 10 Arms & Armor, Civil War & Militaria Signature Auction - Dallas
    REALIZED $1,735,414