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    Hamilton reviews the troops at Oxford

    Alexander Hamilton Document Signed and Autograph Endorsement Signed. Both sides of a single sheet, 8" x 6.5", circa 1800. A pay voucher signed by Hamilton for charges incurred during his visit to the troops of the U.S. provisional army at Oxford, Massachusetts, including an autograph endorsement signed by Hamilton on the reverse certifying payment by his order.

    The payment voucher is addressed to Captain Philip Church and lists the costs, including such things as "turnpikes and to toll bridges" associated with travel from New York to Oxford, Massachusetts for Hamilton and his aides, which amounted to $175.50. The voucher is signed by both Hamilton and Church.

    The reverse side of the voucher includes an autograph endorsement signed by Hamilton and dated June 30, 1800: "I do certify that the transportation within mentioned, was procured & paid for by my order, upon my late tour in visiting the troops at Oxford & the troops to the eastward. Alex. Hamilton"

    As the Quasi-War of France was beginning to heat up in 1798, George Washington and several members of President Adams's cabinet secured for former treasury secretary Alexander Hamilton the appointment as inspector general and second in command under former president George Washington of the newly enhanced U.S. Army. Because Washington was unwilling to leave Mount Vernon unless it were to command an army in the field, Hamilton was the de facto head of the army. Hamilton was involved in all aspects of the army's development, and after Washington's death in 1799 he was by default the Senior Officer of the United States Army from 1799 through 1800.

    The provisional army's purpose was to guard the nation against an invasion from France. By May 1800, because of a negotiated settlement of the major issues between the U.S. and France, the threat of war ended and Congress, on May 20, passed a resolution to disband the provisional army by June 15. The document offered here relates to Major-General Alexander Hamilton's visit to Oxford, Massachusetts, in early to mid-June 1800 to oversee the preservation of the public stores and the disbandment of the provisional army. He reviewed the troops, complimenting the officers and men for discipline, subordination, dress and decorum. Hamilton retired from the army on July 2, 1800.

    Philip Church was the nephew of Alexander Hamilton. On January 8, 1799, he was commissioned a captain in the Twelfth Regiment of Infantry, and on January 12, 1799, he became an aide de camp to Hamilton.

    Condition: Lightly toned throughout, darker at folds. Weakness at folds has caused some separation, else fine.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    October, 2017
    19th Thursday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 6
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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