Description

    [Treaty of Ghent]. Henry Carroll Papers, containing receipts for personal goods purchased in London by Henry Carroll as he traveled with the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812, from Ghent, Belgium, to Washington, D.C., only days after U.S. and British officials signed it. These receipts are dated December 30-31, 1814, just six days after the treaty was signed. Also included are numerous other letters and documents related to the Carroll family, particularly Henry Carroll and Charles H. Carroll, all dated 1808-1851. This archive has been well cared for, though some letters and documents have expected stains, foxing, or separation along some folds.

    Henry Carroll (1792-1820) was the eldest son of Charles Carroll of Bellevue and a cousin to Charles Carroll of Carrollton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. A lawyer, he served as secretary to Henry Clay, one of three American peace commissioners, at the Treaty of Ghent. (The other American commissioners were John Q. Adams and Albert Gallatin.) Negotiations for a peace treaty between the U.S. and Great Britain began in August 1814 and ended on December 24, 1814, when commissioners signed the final draft of the treaty. Henry Carroll was then entrusted with delivering the document to President Madison. He set off immediately, stopping in London before boarding the Favourite, a British sloop of war. While there, he found time on December 30 and 31 to do some last minute shopping for clothing, jewelry, and a hat. He finally arrived at Washington City on February 14, 1815, to cheering crowds and delivered the treaty to the president at the Octagon House, the temporary Executive Mansion used by Madison after the British burned the White House. (Of course, Carroll's arrival with the peace treaty was too late to stop the unfortunate Battle of New Orleans, which occurred earlier on January 8.) Carroll met an unhappy end in 1820 when he was murdered in Missouri Territory while serving as the Receiver of Public Monies for the territory. Included in this archive are five unsigned London receipts issued to Henry Carroll during his journey with the Treaty of Ghent to the US.

    (1) Handwritten receipt for Henry Carroll from William Taylor, dated December 30, 1814, for "Waistcoat . . . pantaloons . . . pair of cotton stocking . . . Drawers with feet."
    (2) Two receipts (one partially printed) from J. Bull, "Jeweller and Silversmith," both dated December 31, 1814, for a "Love Ring" and "Regard Lockett," endorsed by Henry Carroll, "Jewellery Bill."
    (3) George Hoby Boot and Shoe Maker partially-printed receipt for Henry Carroll dated 1814 and endorsed in Carroll's hand, "Bills in England. Hoby: Boot makers bill containing other bills."
    (4) Partially-printed receipt from Busby & Son, dated December 30, 1814, for a purchase of a "Black Sable bon[net] & feathers." Endorsed by Henry Carroll, "Busby's Bill for Bonnet & Feathers."

    Also included are 3 Henry Carroll ALsS to his brother, Charles H. Carroll; 3 Francis Granger ALsS (one concerning the death of Henry Carroll and including two clipped 1820 newspaper articles announcing the death of Henry Clay); Washington Hunt ALS; Thurlow Weed ALS; Maryland Governor Samuel Sprigg ALS; Jeremiah Van Renssalaer ALS; James Cochran ALS; Elizabeth Wadsworth ALS; 3 James Wadsworth ALsS; Maria Carroll ALS; Adelia (or Anna) V. R. Carroll (a child) ALS; and a letter inviting Charles H. Carroll to a dinner in honor of "John Young . . . given by his Whig friends," dated January 7, 1851. Letters include personal, legal, business, and political content.

    Documents in the archive include Charles H. Carroll's contract for the purchase of a pew at St. Michael's Church in Geneseo, New York, along with a printed diagram of the pews with hand annotations of pew owners; a printed bill containing information about Charles H. Carroll's imported Durham bull "Usurper"; a large diploma from the Livingston County [New York] Agricultural Society to Charles H. Carroll for his "Imported Bull 'Usurper'" (dated September 1856); a document authorizing Charles H. Carroll to disperse funds contributed for the expenses associated with a large oxen known as the "Pride of Livingston" to the Metropolitan Fair of New York [1864]; and a manuscript notice for Charles H. Carroll's 1859 "Auction Sale."


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