Description[San Augustine, Texas Land Transfer] Partly-printed Document Signed by August Hotchkiss, J. J Jones and John Freeman. 2 pages, 8 x 12.75", San Augustine, December 20, 1835. In part: "...Before me, A. Hotchkiss Judge of the first instance for the jurisdiction of San Augustine Ex-officio Notary Public, and the instrumental witnesses with whom I act according to law, appeared Seth Ward citizen of the Department of Nacogdoches..."
In this document, Seth Ward is selling his "League and Labor" of land (4,600 acres), located in Lorenzo de Zavala's emprasario grant of 1829, to David Brown for $100 (all payments during this time would have been made in gold or silver coin). Interestingly, as reflected by the existence of three similar documents (one at the University of Texas), at the very least Mr. Brown had purchased over 13,000 acres in one day!
In 1827, pioneer residents of Ayish Bayou, east Texas, elected municipal authorities, even though the Mexican government had not officially recognized the district. In 1832, under the leadership of alcalde William McFarland, residents decided to construct a permanent settlement in a central location. A committee of fifteen men chose the banks of the Ayish Bayou, which had been the heart of local activities since Indian occupation, and purchased the land in January 1833 from Edmund Quirk for ninety dollars. Thomas S. McFarland was appointed to survey their purchase and plat 356 lots on forty-eight city blocks in a grid pattern, perhaps the first time that such a method was used in Texas. The following year, under alcalde Charles S. Taylor, the municipality of San Augustine was established in the Department of Nacogdoches on March 6, 1834 by Decree No 265 issued by the Mexican state government of Coahuila and Texas. Separated folds reinforced with archival tape on verso, light toning, some minor marginal chips and slight losses at folds, else very good. A significant piece of history. From the collection of Darrel Brown.
Reference: Streeter, 74 & 78, and Vol 1 'A Brief Sketch of Printing in Texas'; The Handbook of Texas; Empressario Contracts in Colonization of Texas, Texas A & M University. The Baker & Bordens press at San Felipe, the Lawhon press at Nacogdoches, some 200 miles northeast of San Felipe, and the Gray press at Brazoria, seventy miles or so down the Brazos River from San Felipe, were the only presses operating in Texas at the end of 1835. David E. Lawhon, a recent arrival from Tennessee in Nacogdoches, began the publication there of the Texean [sic] and Emigrant's Guide, the first issue of which was dated November 28, 1835. This was printed on the press on which Slocum had begun printing the Mexican Advocate in 1829. Only a few Lawhon imprints have survived, as he ceased operating in March, 1836. It is one of the rarest pre-Revolution Texas presses. This form is attributable to that press.
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