Description[Salmon Chase]. An Archive of Ten Letters From Gamaliel Bailey to Salmon P. Chase written during the period December 20, 1841 through November 6, 1847. Paper varies in size, but average length of each letter is three pages, for a total count of forty written pages. Topics covered include party politics, abolitionist causes, funding and subscriptions for the National Era, and plans to start a daily newspaper. These are transmitted letters; some have address covers written on the integral page, and most are docketed by Chase.
In a letter dated June 21, 1847, Bailey writes: "Your views respecting the policy of longer continuing the Liberty Party are highly interesting. You and I differ little except as to time. I do not believe the party, under its present form, will continue to exist... General Taylor will be the nominee of the Whigs. General Cass, or some other dough face, of the Democrats. Many Whigs, many Democrats, will be disgusted, and, if our convention be delayed till spring, and then nominate Hale, or somebody in a similar category. We shall obtain many recruits, for a time. General Taylor will be elected, and his triumph will herald the day of new political forms and association, and temporarily chaos will have come again... I became a political abolitionist upon a compulsion, being unwilling to separate myself from the great mass of working anti slavery men, but I have never felt entire harmony with the creed and mean and style of doing things, of the party of the East..." This letter, along with two other written during the same period, foreshadows the eventual creation of the Republican Party. As Bailey predicts, Taylor was elected president; and pro-slavery factions grew in influence because of the splintering of anti-slavery proponents across multiple parties.
Overall condition of the letters is very good to near fine. Two of the letters have clean tears, with no loss of paper or text. Scans of individual letters are available for review upon request.
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