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    Houston Pays Goliad Massacre Survivor

    [Goliad Massacre]. Sam Houston Pay Order Signed "Sam Houston/Comd in Chief/Texan Army" with secondary related document. One page, 7.75" x 3", New Orleans, June 7, 1836. Houston was in New Orleans recovering from a wound to his ankle which he received during the Battle of San Jacinto when he had this order for payment to John C. P. Kennymore, a private in Captain William A. O. Wadsworth's Company, drawn up. It reads, in full: "The Texas agent will pay on the within thirty three 33/100 Dollars." Countersigned by John C. P. Kennymore. Docketed on the verso. Smoothed folds with light overall toning. Ink bleed-through from the verso. Scattered spots of foxing. Chipped upper right corner. Remnant of red seal at lower left corner.

    With the order is a receipt for payment of the above amount issued by William Bryan, agent for the Texas government, June 7, 1836, to Private Kennymore for "...service in army of Texas as per order Genl Saml Houston." Also signed by Kennymore. Lightly toned; remnant of red seal at upper left corner.

    Kennymore served Texas during the Revolution as a member of the Georgia Battalion, attached to the command of James W. Fannin during the Goliad Campaign. After a skirmish near Victoria, the men of the battalion, exhausted and low on ammunition, elected to surrender to Gen. José de Urrea. Kennymore was one of sixteen men ordered by Urrea to remain in Victoria to build boats for the crossing of the Guadalupe River while the rest of the battalion was marched to Goliad, where they were subsequently massacred. He and the other fifteen laborers eventually escaped their captors and he was discharged honorably from service in June 1836. He returned to Texas sometime in the late 1830s and reenlisted, serving as captain of the 1st Regiment Texas Infantry in the army of the Republic of Texas.

    William Bryan, Texas merchant and ardent supporter of the Texas cause, was an enormous help to the young Republic, which lacked the resources needed to conduct a long, vigorous war against Mexico. Bryan helped by providing financial assistance, supplies, and services such as transporting and outfitting volunteers and chartering and fitting out vessels for the Texas Navy, through his Texas mercantile firm. On January 14, 1836, he was appointed general agent for Texas in New Orleans, but after a few months of providing goods and services to Texas, mostly on credit, he began to realize that Texas, as well as his business, would not be able to meet their financial commitments because no cash was coming from the government or Texas commissioners.

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