Seneca Chief Cornplanter Document Signed With His Mark. One page, 8" x 6.5", "Buffalo, July 5th, 1819." Docketed on verso. Cornplanter was the son of a white man and an Indian princess who was a member of the Seneca noble family and the hereditary matron of the Wolf clan. Cornplanter's English name was John O'Bail. Cornplanter was often referred to as one of the most valiant warriors of his tribe, fighting first with the British as chief of the Seneca Nation. However, when his people were deserted by their British allies he took part in Indian treaties with the American government. He was the earliest settler in Warren County, Pennsylvania, and a contemporary of George Washington, with whom he became close friends during the Revolutionary War. For his help during the ensuing Indian war, he was given large tracts of land in several locations, as partial recognition for his services to the state. Cornplanter settled on the grant with his family, remaining there until his death in 1836.

    This extremely rare and collectible document, representing Cornplanter's $250 annuity, reads in full: "Received at Buffalo of LeRoy Bayard & McEvans and Thomas Morris per the hands of Jasper Parrish Sut. Agent to the Six Nations of Indians, Two hundred & fifty dollars, it being in full for an Annuity due me (by an agreement made with Robert Morris at Big Tree in September 1797) up to September 1818." Below this is written Cornplanter's name, and taking the pen in his own hand, Cornplanter has scrawled an "X" making "his mark" upon the receipt. The document has been witnessed by "H. Cunningham, Chas. F. Coit," and one addition individual whose signature is illegible. The document is in outstanding condition - bright and sharp and very fine - and would be a valuable addition to any Native American collection.

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    October, 2009
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