DescriptionRichard Nixon Archive: Speech on the Soviet Union. Comprised of thirteen documents spanning the years 1953 through 1960. Twelve weeks after assuming the office of president, Dwight D. Eisenhower addressed the American Society for Newspaper Editors in a speech titled "Chance for Peace." Following the death of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin one month earlier, Ike warns against military spending and contrasts the paths taken by the United States (that of peace) and the Soviet Union (that of force) after the Second World War. Following up on the president's address, then-Vice President Richard M. Nixon delivered a speech of his own discussing the atmosphere in the Soviet Union on the heels of Stalin's death, Congress' role in determining foreign policy, and defending his role in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Of note is the inclusion of a fifteen page typescript of Nixon's aforementioned speech, titled "Notes for Speech by the Vice President to Follow Up the President's Speech with Emphasis on the Role of Congress." In part: "I want to emphasize that foreign policy today means an emphasis on the national security of this nation and of the security of the free world under conditions that never before confronted the United States. The kinds of weapons that have to be considered today, the new possibilities of massive destruction by surprise attacks, and of highly selective destruction through sabotage, are borne in on me in many meetings of the National Security Council. . . . The Soviet system certainly does possess atomic weapons and the means of delivering them - thought the balance is probably still heavy in our favor. . . . Congress has shown a remarkable unanimity too in backing the great speech of our President which showed to the world, as well as to the men in the Kremlin, that we were prepared for any real steps toward peace; but that we could not be 'gulled' or lulled into a false sense of security. . . . If Moscow meant to divide us at home, the move failed. . . . We must proceed warily, but we have shown our good faith . . . it is a way that offers an escape from this nightmare world of armaments and the threats of destruction if the leaders of the Kremlin are prepared genuinely to accept it and to act in good faith. . . . The new face that the Russian leaders seem to be turning toward the world is marked by at least the suspicion of a smile where we have grown accustomed to nothing but a snarl and a frown. We cannot tell what is behind this change of attitude - whether . . . covering up internal dissensions to get a breathing spell to work out the difficult problems that accompany any effort of a comparatively unknown figure suddenly to assume the mantle of the late successor to the Little White Father, who now himself has passed into history - Joseph Stalin. . . . It is too much to believe that the whole indoctrination of more than a generation of Communists in world conquest has suddenly come to an end."
Also included is a second copy of the above speech; five pages of handwritten notes giving a "Suggested Outline for V.P.s Nation-Wide Address to the newspaper organizations"; an eight page booklet titled "Congressional Record / The First Hundred Days / Address by the Vice President Hon. Richard Nixon"; copy of a draft of a speech for the postmaster general; typescript "Suggestions for Vice-President, from J.F.C."; a list of classified files for Brigadier General Cushman; a copy of Vice President Nixon's itinerary for his 1953 goodwill trip; a copy of a Protective Survey Report to U. E. Baughman, chief of the Secret Service, regarding Nixon's 1959 trip to Moscow; a copy of speech excerpts sent to Nixon before his April 1953 Soviet Union speech with the original transmittal letter; copies of two memoranda, one to Ralph de Toledano; a copy of "The Soviet 'Peace Maneuver.'"
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